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Minimally invasive surgery started spreading worldwide in 1987, when the first laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed. Meanwhile, improvement of endoscopic equipment and instruments allowed gastroenterologists to attempt more aggressive endoluminal interventions, even beyond the wall barrier. The first transgastric peritoneoscopy, in 2004, brought to(More)
BACKGROUND Diastolic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction manifests as an upward shift of the diastolic pressure-volume relation. One of the possible causes of diastolic LV dysfunction is incomplete myocardial relaxation. It is well known that high afterload slows myocardial relaxation. This contribution investigated to what extent afterload elevation could(More)
Ghrelin is a recently described acylated peptide, which works as a somatosecretagogue and has described effects on the smooth, skeletal and cardiac muscle. We examined the production and effects of ghrelin on relaxation of the iris muscles. Contractile effects of 1-5 human ghrelin (frGhr, 10(-9)-6 x 10(-5)M) and 1-5 human des-octanoyl-ghrelin (d-frGhr;(More)
Congenital lung lesions comprise a broad spectrum of rare but clinically significant developmental abnormalities, including congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation, bronchopulmonary sequestrations, congenital lobar emphysema, and bronchogenic cysts, which are commonly surgically treated. Although the terms congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation,(More)
AIM The main objective of this study was to evaluate the association between prematurity and the time to achieve full enteral feeding in newborns with gastroschisis. The second objective was to analyze the associations between length of hospital stay and time to achieve full enteral feeding with mode of delivery, birth weight and surgical procedure. (More)
PURPOSE Recently various groups reported successful attempts to perform intra-abdominal surgery through a transgastric pathway. We assessed the feasibility and safety of a novel transvesical endoscopic approach to the peritoneal cavity through a 5 mm port in a porcine model. MATERIALS AND METHODS Transvesical endoscopic peritoneoscopy was performed in 8(More)
BACKGROUND An isolated transgastric port has some limitations in performing transluminal endoscopic cholecystectomy. However, transvesical access to the peritoneal cavity has recently been reported to be feasible and safe. OBJECTIVE To assess the feasibility and the technical benefits of transgastric and transvesical combined approach to overcome the(More)
BACKGROUND Recently there has been an increasing enthusiasm for using natural orifices translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) to perform scarless abdominal procedures. We have previously reported the feasibility and safety of the transvesical endoscopic peritoneoscopy in a long-term survival porcine model as useful for those purposes. Herein, we report our(More)
PURPOSE Recently there has been increasing enthusiasm for performing simple abdominal procedures by transgastric surgery. We previously reported the usefulness of a combined transgastric and transvesical approach to cholecystectomy. In this study we assessed the feasibility of combined transgastric and transvesical approach for performing a more complex(More)
Although pulmonary hypertension (PH) selectively overloads the right ventricle (RV), neuroendocrine activation and intrinsic myocardial dysfunction have been described in the left ventricle (LV). In order to establish the timing of LV dysfunction development in PH and to clarify underlying molecular changes, Wistar rats were studied 4 and 6 weeks after(More)