Jorge Cerdá

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The burden of AKI around the globe has not been systematically examined. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS A systematic review (2004-2012) of large cohort studies was conducted to estimate the world incidence of AKI and its stages of severity and associated mortality, and to describe geographic variations according to(More)
Acute kidney injury (AKI) has become increasingly prevalent in both developed and developing countries, and is associated with severe morbidity and mortality, especially in children. Uncertainty regarding the true incidence of AKI limits awareness of the problem, thereby reducing political visibility of the disorder and hampering efforts to prevent its(More)
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a serious complication, commonly occurring in the critically ill population, with devastating short- and long-term consequences. Despite standardization of the definition and staging of AKI, early recognition remains challenging given that serum creatinine level is a marker, albeit imperfect, of kidney function and not kidney(More)
Drug-induced kidney disease is a frequent cause of renal dysfunction; however, there are no standards to identify and characterize the spectrum of these disorders. We convened a panel of international, adult and pediatric, nephrologists and pharmacists to develop standardized phenotypes for drug-induced kidney disease as part of the phenotype(More)
Background Improving survival and extending the longevity of life for all populations requires timely, robust evidence on local mortality levels and trends. The Global Burden of Disease 2015 Study (GBD 2015) provides a comprehensive assessment of all-cause and cause-specifi c mortality for 249 causes in 195 countries and territories from 1980 to 2015. These(More)
Worldwide, acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with poor patient outcomes. Over the last few years, collaborative efforts, enabled by a common definition of AKI, have provided a description of the epidemiology, natural history, and outcomes of this disease and improved our understanding of the pathophysiology. There is increased recognition that AKI is(More)
Linezolid, an oxazolidinone antimicrobial, exerts its effect by binding to bacterial 23S ribosomal RNA, preventing the formation of the initiation complex. Its use is associated with reversible hyperlactatemia and lactic acidosis, and inhibition of mitochondrial protein synthesis may be the mechanism underlying this adverse effect. We describe a 35-year-old(More)
In the context of the critically ill patient, the onset of consistent oliguria is an ominous sign that requires immediate attention. Without intervention, intermittent oliguria may turn into persistent oliguria or evolve to acute kidney injury (AKI), with severe associated morbidity and mortality. Whether the addition of urine output to the serum creatinine(More)
Normal acid-base homeostasis is severely challenged in the intensive care setting. In this review, we address acid-base disturbances, with a special focus on the use of continuous (rather than intermittent) extracorporeal technologies in critical ill patients with acute kidney injury. We consider hypercapnic acidosis and lactic acidosis as examples in which(More)