Jorge Castro-Garza

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Knowledge of Entamoeba histolytica biology in the last 17 years has been acquired largely as a consequence of this parasite's axenic cultivation in TPS-1 or TYI-S-33 media. Unfortunately, there are often low yields in these media, due to variability of their main components, Panmede and yeast extract. We describe a medium, PEHPS, of which the main(More)
Enzymes with phospholipase C activity in Mycobacterium tuberculosis have been recently described. The three genes encoding these proteins, plcA, plcB, and plcC, are located at position 2351 of the genomic map of M. tuberculosis H37Rv and are arranged in tandem. We have previously described the presence of variations in the restriction fragment length(More)
PEHPS medium, developed for axenic cultivation of Entamoeba histolytica and E. invadens, was also capable of supporting the growth of a Trichomonas vaginalis strain, with an inoculum of 1 to 100 trichomonads/ml. The logarithmic growth phase in PEHPS or in TYI-S-33 medium lasted 72 h; yield (3.33 +/- 0.56 x 10(6) trichomonads/ml), duplication time (4.27 h),(More)
The alpha[14C]amino isobutyric acid is a synthetic amino acid with low molecular weight, not incorporated to protein. Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells were labeled with this radioactive compound and treated with the amebal subcellular fraction P30 at short times. We detected membrane damage in CHO cells by specific radiolabel release from the first 30 sec(More)
Several techniques have been used to quantify the cytotoxicity produced by Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacilli on cell monolayers; however, they are semi-quantitative or time consuming. Herein, a method based on crystal violet (CV) uptake by THP-1 cell monolayers is described. This colorimetric method quantifies the cytotoxic effect as a function of the(More)
Entamoeba histolytica phospholipase A and lysophospholipase activities from a vesicular subcellular fraction (P30) were analyzed. The products, obtained using specific substrates labeled with14C or3H, indicated the presence of phospholipase A1 and A2 as well as lysophospholipase L1 activities. The enzymes detected could participate in phospholipid(More)
BACKGROUND Nocardia are organisms that can escape the effects of both immune response and antimicrobial agents, due to their potential capacity to grow intracellularly. In previous studies, we found that experimental oxazolidinones, DA-7157 and DA-7218, are active both in vitro and in vivo. OBJECTIVES In this study, we compare the ability of linezolid,(More)
We developed an in vitro tissue-culture model to analyze the process involved in mycobacterial spread through lung epithelial cell monolayers. A549 cells were infected with low numbers of viable Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacilli expressing the gfp gene. Subsequent addition of a soft agarose overlay prevented the dispersal of the bacilli from the initial(More)
The in vitro activities of DA-7867, a novel oxazolidinone, and garenoxacin (BMS-284756) were compared to those of linezolid in 67 susceptible and drug-resistant clinical isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. DA-7867 was the most active drug with an MIC(90) of 0.125 microg/ml, compared to the MIC(90)s of 4 microg/ml of garenoxacin and 2 microg/ml of(More)