Jorge Casares

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Prednisone is widely used by most heart transplantation units despite its frequent side effects. Deflazacort, an oral synthetic steroid with fewer side effects, has been successfully used in patients after heart transplantation, but a prospective study comparing deflazacort and prednisone in transplant patients is lacking. We have carried out, in the last(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY Aortic valve replacement (AVR) with a pulmonary autograft is an alternative treatment for young patients with aortic valve disease. Superior hemodynamic performance of the pulmonary autograft, and impact on parameters of left ventricular function were analyzed. METHODS Thirty patients (21 males, nine females; mean age(More)
In an attempt to study the influence of heart transplantation on the natural history of patients with severe congestive heart failure, we have reviewed our experience with 240 consecutive patients who were New York Heart Association class IV or III/IV, who had left ventricular ejection fraction less than 35%, who were younger than 65 years of age, and who(More)
It has frequently been suggested that early mitral commissurotomy could improve long-term results in patients with severe mitral stenosis. However, the real advantages of this procedure have yet to be demonstrated. To evaluate this hypothesis, we retrospectively studied 397 patients who underwent operation for mitral stenosis in our unit between 1978 and(More)
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES Aortic valve replacement with the patients own pulmonary autograft (the Ross procedure) is by now, the best surgical method for the replacement of the diseased aortic valve in certain groups of patients, this is particularly true for young adults and children or neonates with complex left ventricular outflow tract obstructions.(More)
In the light of the current controversy surrounding the use of hemorheologic and vasodilator drugs in the treatment of peripheral arteriosclerosis, a comparative study was designed in order to evaluate the efficacy of pentoxifylline, buflomedil, and nifedipine in 45 patients with peripheral arterial disease (Fontaine stage II). The patients in this(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate performance in systemic circulation following pulmonary autograft aortic root replacement by means of serial postoperative echocardiographic studies. METHODS From November 1997 to November 1999, 30 patients (21 males, 9 females) with a mean age of 29.97 +/- 12.97 years (age range 6-54 years) underwent(More)
A very high ozone episode with observed hourly values above 350 μg m(-3) occurred in July 2005 at the Lamas d'Olo air quality monitoring station, located in a mountainous area in the north of Portugal. Aiming to identify the origin and formation of this ozone-rich episode, a statistical analysis and a modelling approach were applied. A cross-spectrum(More)
We present the first detection of the mass donor star in the prototype X-ray binary Scorpius X-1. Phase resolved spectroscopy revealed narrow emission lines components from the irradiated secondary star. Radial velocity fits to the Bowen blend emission are used to establish an absolute orbital ephemeris and derive an accurate value for the systemic(More)
Optical spectra were obtained of the optical counterpart of the high latitude (b ≃ 62 •) soft X-ray transient XTE J1118+480 near its quiescent state (R ≃ 18.3) with the new 6.5 m MMT and the 4.2 m WHT. The spectrum exhibits broad, double-peaked, emission lines of hydrogen (FWHM ≃ 2400 km s −1) arising from an accretion disk superposed with absorption lines(More)