Jorge Armando Gutiérrez

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Background Cerebral radiation necrosis is a serious complication of radiation treatment for brain tumors. Therapeutic options include corticosteroids, anticoagulation and hyperbaric oxygen with limited efficacy. Bevacizumab, an antibody against VEGF had been reported to reduce edema in patients with suspected radiation necrosis. We retrospectively reviewed(More)
OBJECTIVE Since intratumoral heterogeneity of gliomas is not adequately reflected in conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), we sought to determine a correlation between different proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging ((1)H MRSI) metabolic ratios and the degree of tumor infiltration in diffusely infiltrating gliomas. In this report, we(More)
OBJECTIVE The differentiation of tumor recurrence from radiation necrosis in patients with malignant gliomas who have been treated previously remains a challenge. Magnetic resonance imaging, single-photon emission computed tomography, and positron emission tomography cannot provide definitive histopathological insight. Multivoxel proton magnetic resonance(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Glioma angiogenesis and its different hemodynamic features, which can be evaluated by using perfusion CT (PCT) imaging of the brain, have been correlated with the grade and the aggressiveness of gliomas. Our hypothesis was that quantitative estimation of permeability surface area product (PS), cerebral blood volume (CBV), cerebral(More)
Meningiomas are common nervous system tumors, whose molecular pathogenesis is poorly understood. To date, the most frequent genetic alteration detected in these tumors is loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on chromosome 22q. This finding led to the identification of the neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) tumor suppressor gene on 22q12, which is inactivated in 40% of(More)
A 79-year-old female presented with difficulty ambulating and was found to have weakness and hyperreflexia in the lower extremities. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a large T8–T9 intraspinal tumor. She underwent a thoracic laminectomy, and excision of an intradural extramedullary lesion. The surgical specimen was soft, black tissue that consisted(More)
OBJECTIVE In patients with malignant glioma previously treated with surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy, clinical and radiographic signs of recurrent disease often require differentiation between radiation necrosis and recurrent tumor. Published work suggests that although magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) can reliably differentiate pure tumor, pure(More)
Brain tumor patients undergo various combinations therapies, leading to very complex and confusing imaging appearances on follow up MR imaging and hence, differentiating recurrent or progressing tumors from treatment induced necrosis or effects has always been a challenge in neuro-oncologic imaging. This particular topic has become more relevant these days(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) tumors display extensive histomorphological heterogeneity, with great variability in the extent of invasiveness, angiogenesis, and necrosis. The identification of genes associated with these phenotypes should further the molecular characterization, permitting better definition of glioma subsets that may ultimately lead to(More)
We present the imaging findings of a case of spinal pilomyxoid astrocytoma in a 29-year-old woman with history of neck and back pain and weakness of bilateral upper extremities. A contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging study revealed an extensive intradural extramedullary lesion occupying most of the thecal sac extending from mid cervical up to(More)