Jorge Alberto Pérez-León

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Amacrine cells are a heterogeneous class of interneurons that modulate the transfer of the light signals through the retina. In addition to ionotropic glutamate receptors, amacrine cells express two types of inhibitory receptors, GABA(A) receptors (GABA(A)Rs) and glycine receptors (GlyRs). To characterize the functional contribution of these different(More)
The high-affinity glycine transport in neurons and glial cells is the primary means for inactivating synaptic glycine. Two different glycine transporter genes, Glyt-1 and Glyt-2, have been cloned. Glyt-1 has been reported to occur in the retina, but there is no evidence for expression of the Glyt-2 transporter. We have pharmacologically characterized(More)
Glycogen has an important role in energy handling in several brain regions. In the brain, glycogen is localized in astrocytes and its role in several normal and pathological processes has been described, whereas in the retina, glycogen metabolism has been scarcely investigated. The enzyme glycogen phosphorylase has been located in retinal Müller cells;(More)
PURPOSE Many strains of mutant mice die at birth, when the retina is still very immature. The retinas of such mice can be studied in organotypic cultures. After a preceding anatomic study of the synaptic development, the electrical activity of the synaptic circuits within such cultures was studied in wild-type and gephyrin-deficient mice. METHODS(More)
Melanopsin is the most recent photopigment described. As all the other opsins, it attaches in the retina as chromophore. Its amino acid sequence resembles more invertebrate opsins than those of vertebrates. The signal transduction pathway of opsins in vertebrates is based on the coupling to the G protein transducin, triggering a signaling cascade that(More)
la fisiología retiniana y la fisiología sensorial en general. ABSTRACT A special group of retinal ganglion cells contains the photopigment melanopsin which makes these cells intrinsecally photosensitive. These cells are the photoreceptors described most recently in the retina (ipRGC). Behavioral, physiological and knocking out experiments have shown that(More)
There are several factors that suggest serotonin [5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)] plays a role as a neurotransmitter/neuromodulator within the retina. The presence of mRNAs encoding 5-HT receptors (5-HTR) of the types 5-HT2CR and 5-HT5AR within the rat retina was investigated using in situ hybridization of digoxigenin-labeled probes. The 5HT5AR probe produced(More)
Synaptosomal fractions were isolated from frog retina: a fraction enriched in photoreceptor terminals (P1) and a second one (P2) containing interneurons terminals. We compared the binding of [3H]glycine and [3H]strychnine to membranes of these synaptosomes. The binding of both radioactive ligands was saturable and Na(+)-independent. [3H]Glycine bound to a(More)
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