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One rRNA operon of all mycobacteria studied so far is located downstream from a gene thought to code for the enzyme UDP-N-acetylglucosamine carboxyvinyl transferase (UNAcGCT), which is important to cell wall synthesis. This operon has been designated rrnAf for fast-growing mycobacteria and rrnAs for slow growers. We have investigated the upstream sequences(More)
Mycobacterium smegmatis has two rRNA (rrn) operons designated rrnAf and rrnBf. Appropriate restriction fragments of genomic DNA containing sequences immediately upstream from the 16S rRNA genes were cloned. We now report the nucleotide sequence of 552 bp upstream from the 5'-end of the Box AL antitermination element of the leader region of the rrnAf operon.(More)
A third of the world population is latently infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis and many cases of active tuberculosis arise from latent bacilli reactivation. Thus, it is important to design new vaccines to prevent reactivation. Using an experimental model of chronic tuberculosis in B6D2F1 mice, we observed constant expression of Rv1759c antigen, a(More)
Assessment of cytokine expression has become crucial to understand host responses to infections as well as autoimmunity. Several approaches including Northern blot, RNase protection assay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay have been used for this purpose, but they are time consuming, labour intense, and relatively large quantity of the samples is usually(More)
Bovine tuberculosis is a zoonotic disease that not only causes huge economic losses but also poses an important risk for human infection. The definitive identification of a clinical isolate relies on time-consuming, highly specialized and laborious biochemical tests. We have developed a method for the rapid and reliable identification of Mycobacterium bovis(More)
Mycobacteria are thought to have either one or two rRNA operons per genome. All mycobacteria investigated to date have an operon, designated rrnA, located downstream from the murA gene. We report that Mycobacteriun fortuitum has a second rrn operon, designated rrnB, which is located downstream from the tyrS gene; tyrS is very close to the 3' end of a gene(More)
Lipid rafts are ordered microdomains within cellular membranes that are rich in cholesterol and sphingolipids. Caveolin (Cav-1) and flotillin (Flt-1) are markers of lipid rafts, which serve as an organizing center for biological phenomena and cellular signaling. Lipid rafts involvement in dengue virus (DENV) processing, replication, and assembly remains(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The prevalence of infections with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) and non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) species in patients with immunodeficiencies in Mexico is unknown. The aim of this study was to identify, at the molecular level, the mycobacterial species most frequently affecting patients with immunodeficiencies and evaluate the(More)
Physarum polycephalum (strain M3CVIII) contains four unlinked actin gene loci, each with two alleles (ardA1, ardA2, ardB1, ardB2, ardC1, ardC2, ardD1 and ardD2). The 4800 base HindIII fragment of the ardC2 allele was previously isolated as a recombinant phage lambda. We now report the structure of the actin gene sequences (C-actin gene). The gene, which(More)
Spoligotyping is the most frequently used method for genotyping isolates of Mycobacterium bovis worldwide. In the current work, we compared spoligotypes from 1684 M. bovis isolates from Argentina (816), Brazil (412), Chile (66), Mexico (274) and Venezuela (116), obtained from cattle, humans, pigs, wild boars, farmed deer, goats, buffaloes, cats, and wild(More)