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The structure of the 36 residue villin headpiece subdomain is investigated with the electrostatically driven Monte Carlo method. The ECEPP/3 (Empirical Conformational Energy Program for Peptides) force field, plus two different continuum solvation models, were used to describe the conformational energy of the chain with both blocked and unblocked N and C(More)
Several hydration models for peptides and proteins based on solvent accessible surface area have been proposed previously. We have evaluated some of these models as well as four new ones in the context of near-native conformations of a protein. In addition, we propose an empirical site-site distance-dependent correction that can be used in conjunction with(More)
Recent improvements in the protein-structure prediction method developed in our laboratory, based on the thermodynamic hypothesis, are described. The conformational space is searched extensively at the united-residue level by using our physics-based UNRES energy function and the conformational space annealing method of global optimization. The lowest-energy(More)
Continuum solvation models that estimate free energies of solvation as a function of solvent accessible surface area are computationally simple enough to be useful for predicting protein conformation. The behavior of three such solvation models has been examined by applying them to the minimization of the conformational energy of bovine pancreatic trypsin(More)
The thermally-induced helix-coil transition in polyamino acids is a good model for determining the helix-forming propensities of amino acids but not for the two-state folding/unfolding transition in globular proteins. The equilibrium and kinetic treatments of the helix-coil transition are summarized here together with a description of applications to(More)
Interest centers here on the analysis of two different, but related, phenomena that affect side-chain conformations and consequently 13C(alpha) chemical shifts and their applications to determine, refine, and validate protein structures. The first is whether 13C(alpha) chemical shifts, computed at the DFT level of approximation with charged residues is a(More)
The alanine-based peptide Ac-XX(A)7OO-NH2, referred to as XAO (where X, A, and O denote diaminobutyric acid, alanine, and ornithine, respectively), has recently been proposed to possess a well defined polyproline II (P(II)) conformation at low temperatures. Based on the results of extensive NMR and CD investigations combined with theoretical calculations,(More)
A theoretical study to identify the conformational preferences of lysine-based oligopeptides has been carried out. The solvation free energy and free energy of ionization of the oligopeptides have been calculated by using a fast multigrid boundary element method that considers the coupling between the conformation of the molecule and the ionization(More)
A method is proposed to determine the fraction of the tautomeric forms of the imidazole ring of histidine in proteins as a function of pH, provided that the observed and chemical shifts and the protein structure, or the fraction of H(+) form, are known. This method is based on the use of quantum chemical methods to compute the (13)C NMR shieldings of all(More)
We have carried out conformational energy calculations on alanine-based copolymers with the sequence Ac-AAAAAXAAAA-NH(2) in water, where X stands for lysine or glutamine, to identify the underlying source of stability of alanine-based polypeptides containing charged or highly soluble polar residues in the absence of charge-charge interactions. The results(More)