Learn More
A muscle model establishing the link between cross-bridge dynamics and intracellular Ca2+ kinetics was assessed by simulation of experiments performed in isolated cardiac muscle. The model is composed by the series arrangement of muscle units formed by inextensible thick and thin filaments in parallel with an elastic element. Attached cross-bridges act as(More)
A cardiac muscle model is presented with the purpose of representing a wide range of mechanical experiments at constant and transient Ca(2+) concentration. Modifications of a previous model were: weak and power attached crossbridge states, a troponin system involving three consecutive regulatory troponin-tropomyosin units acting together in Ca(2+) kinetics(More)
Postacidotic arrhythmias have been associated to increased sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+) load and Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) activation. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying these arrhythmias are still unclear. To better understand this process, acidosis produced by CO2 increase from 5% to 30%, resulting in(More)
Replacement of the cell loss occurring after acute myocardial infarction has been proposed as a potential treatment to prevent heart remodeling and failure. On account that cardiomyocytes express VEGF receptors and that VEGF triggers mitogen-activated protein kinases, we investigated if VEGF gene transfer may induce cardiomyocyte replication. In a pig model(More)
The effect of fasting on the mechanics of contraction was studied in the isolated perfused rat heart, in oxygenated and hypoxic conditions. Animals were subjected to 48 h of fasting, a condition which produces augmented endogenous triglycerides (TG). Normal and fasted rats were submitted to a 10-min period of hypoxia, which depressed peak tension (Tp),(More)
Exogenous vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) improves tissue perfusion in large animals and humans with chronic myocardial ischemia. Because tissue perfusion is mainly dependent on the arteriolar tree, we hypothesized that the neovascularizing effect of VEGF should include arteriogenesis, an effect not as yet described in large mammalian models of(More)
INTRODUCTION Sarcolemmal and mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channels have been postulated to participate in preconditioning protection against infarction and stunning. However, these structures appear to be altered in diabetes and thus, it would be possible that preconditioning does not develop in diabetic hearts. OBJECTIVE The purpose of(More)
INTRODUCTION Sulfonylureas have been associated with a high incidence of cardiovascular death in diabetic patients treated with these drugs. Although the evidence on the cardiovascular effects of sulfonylureas is contradictory and scarce, many experiments have shown that the second-generation compound glibenclamide has a protective effect on mechanical(More)
Sarcolemmal ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channels have been mentioned to participate in preconditioning protection. Since these channels are altered in diabetes, it would be possible that preconditioning does not develop in diabetic (D) hearts. The purpose of this study was to assess whether early (EP) and late (LP) ischemic preconditioning protect(More)
We undertook a theoretical analysis of the source resistance of the left ventricle represented in a mean pressure-mean flow (P-Q) diagram, using the chamber properties established in terms of the pressure-volume relationship. This analysis showed that P-Q pairs of points should lie above the linear function proposed by Elzinga and Westerhof. A third-order(More)