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A muscle model establishing the link between cross-bridge dynamics and intracellular Ca2+ kinetics was assessed by simulation of experiments performed in isolated cardiac muscle. The model is composed by the series arrangement of muscle units formed by inextensible thick and thin filaments in parallel with an elastic element. Attached cross-bridges act as(More)
A cardiac muscle model is presented with the purpose of representing a wide range of mechanical experiments at constant and transient Ca(2+) concentration. Modifications of a previous model were: weak and power attached crossbridge states, a troponin system involving three consecutive regulatory troponin-tropomyosin units acting together in Ca(2+) kinetics(More)
Postacidotic arrhythmias have been associated to increased sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+) load and Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) activation. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying these arrhythmias are still unclear. To better understand this process, acidosis produced by CO2 increase from 5% to 30%, resulting in(More)
INTRODUCTION Sulfonylureas have been associated with a high incidence of cardiovascular death in diabetic patients treated with these drugs. Although the evidence on the cardiovascular effects of sulfonylureas is contradictory and scarce, many experiments have shown that the second-generation compound glibenclamide has a protective effect on mechanical(More)
Action potential duration (APD) shortening due to opening of sarcolemmal ATP-dependent potassium (KATP) channels has been postulated to protect the myocardium against postischemic damage by reducing Ca2+ influx. This hypothesis was assessed, assuming that increased postischemic stunning due to KATP channel inhibition with glibenclamide could be reverted by(More)
OBJECTIVE Although late preconditioning protects against stunning following several short periods of ischemia-reperfusion, it is not clear if it confers protection against stunning and malignant arrhythmias after a sustained reversible ischemia, and whether KATP channels are involved as triggers and/or end effectors of the protective mechanism. The purpose(More)
A ventricular model based on a muscle model relating sarcomere dynamics to Ca(2+)kinetics was used to establish the relative contribution to pressure development of the two components of cross-bridge dynamics: attached cross-bridge concentration and elongation of its elastic structure. The model was tested by reproduction of experiments reflecting(More)
INTRODUCTION Sarcolemmal and mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channels have been postulated to participate in preconditioning protection against infarction and stunning. However, these structures appear to be altered in diabetes and thus, it would be possible that preconditioning does not develop in diabetic hearts. OBJECTIVE The purpose of(More)
Replacement of the cell loss occurring after acute myocardial infarction has been proposed as a potential treatment to prevent heart remodeling and failure. On account that cardiomyocytes express VEGF receptors and that VEGF triggers mitogen-activated protein kinases, we investigated if VEGF gene transfer may induce cardiomyocyte replication. In a pig model(More)
Sarcolemmal ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channels have been mentioned to participate in preconditioning protection. Since these channels are altered in diabetes, it would be possible that preconditioning does not develop in diabetic (D) hearts. The purpose of this study was to assess whether early (EP) and late (LP) ischemic preconditioning protect(More)