Jorge A. Bezerra

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BACKGROUND & AIMS A genome-level understanding of the molecular basis of segmental gene expression along the anterior-posterior (A-P) axis of the mammalian gastrointestinal (GI) tract is lacking. We hypothesized that functional patterning along the A-P axis of the GI tract could be defined at the molecular level by analyzing expression profiles of large(More)
BACKGROUND Biliary atresia is the commonest cause of pathological jaundice in infants and the leading indication for liver transplantation in children worldwide. The cause and pathogenesis remain largely unknown. Because of clinical heterogeneity and experimental difficulties in addressing molecular mechanisms underlying multifactorial disorders in human(More)
Biliary atresia is a neonatal obstructive cholangiopathy that progresses to end-stage liver disease. Although the etiology is unknown, a neonatal adaptive immune signature has been mechanistically linked to obstruction of the extrahepatic bile ducts. Here, we investigated the role of the innate immune response in the pathogenesis of biliary atresia.(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify the prevalence of factors associated with insufficient physical activity levels and sedentary behavior among adolescents. METHODS In this cross-sectional study 4,210 students (14-19 years old) attending public high-schools were selected using random two-stage cluster sampling. Data were collected by using the Global School-based(More)
The urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) plays a central role in liver repair. Nevertheless, the hepatic overexpression of uPA results in panlobular injury and neonatal mortality. Here, we define the molecular mechanisms of liver injury and explore whether uPA can regulate liver repair independently of plasminogen. To address the hypothesis that the(More)
Using a small scale ENU mutagenesis approach we identified a recessive germline mutant, designated Lampe1 that exhibited growth retardation and spontaneous hepatosteatosis. Low resolution mapping based on 20 intercrossed Lampe1 mice revealed linkage to a ∼14 Mb interval on the distal site of chromosome 11 containing a total of 285 genes. Exons and 50 bp(More)
BACKGROUND The urokinase-type (uPA) and tissue-type (tPA) plasminogen activators regulate liver matrix remodelling through the conversion of plasminogen (Plg) to the active protease plasmin. Based on the efficient activation of plasminogen when uPA is bound to its receptor (uPAR) and on the role of uPA in plasmin-mediated liver repair, we hypothesized that(More)
Inherited syndromes of intrahepatic cholestasis and biliary atresia are the most common causes of chronic liver disease and the prime indication for liver transplantation in children. Our understanding of the pathogenesis of these diseases has increased substantially by the discovery of genetic mutations in children with intrahepatic cholestasis and the(More)
Biliary atresia is a fibroinflammatory obstruction of extrahepatic bile duct that leads to end-stage liver disease in children. Despite advances in understanding the pathogenesis of biliary atresia, very little is known about the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in onset and progression of the disease. In this study, we aimed to investigate the entire biliary(More)
BACKGROUND Livers of infants with biliary atresia and of neonatal mice infected with rotavirus (RRV) have increased expression of interferon-gamma (IFNgamma) and interleukin (IL)-12. While the expression of IFNgamma regulates the obstruction of extrahepatic bile ducts by lymphocytes, the role of IL-12 in the pathogenesis of biliary obstruction is unknown.(More)