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Structure chromosome (SMC) proteins organize the core of cohesin, condensin and Smc5-Smc6 complexes. The Smc5-Smc6 complex is required for DNA repair, as well as having another essential but enigmatic function. Here, we generated conditional mutants of SMC5 and SMC6 in budding yeast, in which the essential function was affected. We show that mutant smc5-6(More)
Cohesin is a protein complex that ties sister DNA molecules from the time of DNA replication until the metaphase to anaphase transition. Current models propose that the association of the Smc1, Smc3, and Scc1/Mcd1 subunits creates a ring-shaped structure that entraps the two sister DNAs. Cohesin is essential for correct chromosome segregation and(More)
Modification of proteins by SUMO is essential for the maintenance of genome integrity. During DNA replication, the Mms21-branch of the SUMO pathway counteracts recombination intermediates at damaged replication forks, thus facilitating sister chromatid disjunction. The Mms21 SUMO ligase docks to the arm region of the Smc5 protein in the Smc5/6 complex;(More)
Mitotic disjunction of the repetitive ribosomal DNA (rDNA) involves specialized segregation mechanisms dependent on the conserved phosphatase Cdc14. The reason behind this requirement is unknown. We show that rDNA segregation requires Cdc14 partly because of its physical length but most importantly because a fraction of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes are(More)
DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) can arise during DNA replication, or after exposure to DNA-damaging agents, and their correct repair is fundamental for cell survival and genomic stability. Here, we show that the Smc5-Smc6 complex is recruited to DSBs de novo to support their repair by homologous recombination between sister chromatids. In addition, we(More)
Homologous recombination (HR) is crucial for maintaining genome integrity by repairing DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) and rescuing collapsed replication forks. In contrast, uncontrolled HR can lead to chromosome translocations, loss of heterozygosity, and deletion of repetitive sequences. Controlled HR is particularly important for the preservation of(More)
Cellular checkpoints prevent mitosis in the presence of stalled replication forks. Whether checkpoints also ensure the completion of DNA replication before mitosis is unknown. Here, we show that in yeast smc5-smc6 mutants, which are related to cohesin and condensin, replication is delayed, most significantly at natural replication-impeding loci like the(More)
The structural maintenance of chromosome (SMC) proteins constitute the cores of three protein complexes involved in chromosome metabolism; cohesin, condensin and the Smc5-Smc6 complex. While the roles of cohesin and condensin in sister chromatid cohesion and chromosome condensation respectively have been described, the cellular function of Smc5-Smc6 is as(More)
Cell division involves the inheritance of a complete set of the genome in the form of chromosomes. One of the strategies employed by eukaryotic cells is to maintain replicated sister chromatids together until the anaphase onset. A protein complex named cohesin holds sisters together following replication until anaphase when cleavage of cohesin by the(More)
In order to transmit a full genetic complement cells must ensure that all chromosomes are accurately split and distributed during anaphase. Chromosome XII in S. cerevisiae contains the site of nucleolar assembly, a 1-2Mb array of rDNA genes named RDN1. Cdc14p is a conserved phosphatase, essential for anaphase progression and mitotic exit, which is kept(More)