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This is a revision of guidelines, originally published in 2004, for the assessment of patients with neuropathic pain. Neuropathic pain is defined as pain arising as a direct consequence of a lesion or disease affecting the somatosensory system either at peripheral or central level. Screening questionnaires are suitable for identifying potential patients(More)
In September 2001, a Task Force was set up under the auspices of the European Federation of Neurological Societies with the aim of evaluating the existing evidence about the methods of assessing neuropathic pain and its treatments. This review led to the development of guidelines to be used in the management of patients with neuropathic pain. In the(More)
1. Microneurography was used to search for primary afferents responsive to innocuous low temperature in human nerves supplying the hairy skin of the hand or foot. Eighteen units were identified as cold-specific units: they displayed a steady-state discharge at skin temperatures in the range 28-30 degrees C, they were sensitive to small changes in(More)
1. Fifty-five C-polymodal nociceptors innervating hairy skin in human volunteers were tested for discrete stimulus-response properties through microneurography. 2. All fifty-five units were responsive to mechanical and heat stimuli. Twenty-two (40%) of these exhibited an additional response to noxious low temperature. The twenty-two mechano-heat-cold(More)
1. The effects of impulse activity on conduction in cutaneous C fibres have been examined in 46 microneurographic recordings from 11 normal subjects and 11 diabetic patients with normal nerve conduction. A tungsten microelectrode was inserted into a cutaneous nerve, usually the superficial peroneal close to the ankle, and intraneural microstimulation was(More)
Velocity changes following single and double conditioning impulses were studied by microneurography in single human C fibres to provide information about axonal membrane properties. C units were identified as mechano-responsive (n = 19) or mechano-insensitive (12) nociceptors, cold-sensitive (8) or sympathetic fibres (9), and excited by single, double and(More)
BACKGROUND Neuronal hyperexcitability is a crucial phenomenon underlying spontaneous and evoked pain. In invertebrate nociceptors, the S-type leak K(+) channel (analogous to TREK-1 in mammals) plays a critical role of in determining neuronal excitability following nerve injury. Few data are available on the role of leak K(2P) channels after peripheral(More)
Involuntary attention to auditory stimulus changes during a visual discrimination task was studied with event-related potentials (ERPs) recorded from the human scalp. A repetitive standard tone or an infrequent, slightly higher deviant tone preceded each visual target stimulus. Deviant tones elicited the mismatch negativity and P3a ERP components and caused(More)
Flare and hyperalgesia after intradermal capsaicin injection in human skin. J. Neurophysiol. 80: 2801-2810, 1998. We investigated the neurovascular mechanisms that determine the flare response to intradermal capsaicin injection in humans and delineated the associated areas of mechanical and heat hyperalgesia. The flare response was monitored both visually(More)
Quantitative sensory testing (QST) is a psychophysical method used to quantify somatosensory function in response to controlled stimuli in healthy subjects and patients. Although QST shares similarities with the quantitative assessment of hearing or vision, which is extensively used in clinical practice and research, it has not gained a large acceptance(More)