Learn More
The effects of subchronic 3,3'-iminodipropionitrile (IDPN) were characterized in the adult Long-Evans male rat. In a preparatory experiment, acute IDPN (890 mg/kg, IP) and intratympanic arsanilic acid caused similar alterations in locomotor activity, rearings, and scores for vestibular impairment. In a second preparatory experiment, IDPN in the drinking(More)
Animals exposed to allylnitrile develop permanent abnormalities in motor behaviour, similar to those caused by 3,3'-iminodipropionitrile (IDPN) and crotononitrile. IDPN and crotononitrile effects have been attributed to vestibular hair cell degeneration, but allylnitrile has been suggested to modify behaviour through neuronal degeneration in the CNS. Adult(More)
Exposure of rats to 3,3'-iminodipropionitrile (IDPN) results in neurofilament (NF)-filled swellings in the proximal axons of a number of large neurons, including sensory neurons in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and motor neurons in the spinal cord. The present report describes the effects of acute and chronic IDPN exposure on the vestibular ganglion (VG)(More)
The inferior olive climbing fibre projection is key to cerebellar contributions to motor control. Here we present evidence for a novel tool, trans-crotononitrile (TCN), to selectively inactivate the olive to study its functions. Anatomical, electrophysiological and behavioural techniques have been used in rats to assess the CNS effects of TCN, with a focus(More)
The present work was aimed at characterizing, using both scanning- and transmission-electron microscopy, the morphological changes occurring in the vestibular sensory epithelia of rats exposed to the synthetic nitrile 3,3'-iminodipropionitrile (IDPN), that belongs to a new class of vestibulotoxic compounds. Male Long-Evans rats were administered 0, 200,(More)
The use of electronic devices for canopy characterization has recently been widely discussed. Among such devices, LiDAR sensors appear to be the most accurate and precise. Information obtained with LiDAR sensors during reading while driving a tractor along a crop row can be managed and transformed into canopy density maps by evaluating the frequency of(More)
Guanylate cyclase activating proteins are EF-hand containing proteins that confer calcium sensitivity to retinal guanylate cyclase at the outer segment discs of photoreceptor cells. By making the rate of cGMP synthesis dependent on the free intracellular calcium levels set by illumination, GCAPs play a fundamental role in the recovery of the light response(More)
The dinitrile compound 3,3'-iminodipropionitrile causes a number of toxic effects in sensory systems, including degeneration of the vestibular sensory hair cells, as well as a neurofilamentous pathology in motor and sensory neurons. The chemical also causes permanent changes in behavior. These were initially attributed to the effect on neurofilaments, but(More)
Dopamine (DA) and its main cerebral metabolites, dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid (HVA) were measured in striatum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from cisterna magna in rats bilaterally lesioned by intrastriatal administration of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) or 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP+). 6-OHDA caused a progressive lesion in(More)
3,3'-Iminodipropionitrile (IDPN) exposure causes a neurofilamentous axonopathy and olfactory, audiovestibular and visual toxicity. Many events relevant to these effects and the neurotoxic properties of nitriles as a class remain to be elucidated. We characterized the gliosis associated with the IDPN-induced retinal degeneration in comparison to other(More)