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We have isolated a new maize gene, rab 28, that responds to abscisic acid (ABA) treatment. This gene has been characterized by determining the sequence of the cDNA and corresponding genomic copy, and by mapping the start site of its transcript. The rab 28 gene encodes a protein of predicted molecular weight 27713 Da which shows strong homology with the Lea(More)
OBJECTIVES Duplexes of 21 base pair RNA, known as short-interfering RNA (siRNA), have been shown to inhibit gene expression by a sequence-specific RNA degradation mechanism termed RNA interference (RNAi). The objective of our study was to evaluate the effect of chemokine receptor gene suppression by RNAi on the entry and replication of HIV-1. METHODS A(More)
Lipid rafts, defined as domains rich in cholesterol and sphingolipids, are involved in many important plasma membrane functions. Recent studies suggest that the way cells handle membrane cholesterol is fundamental in the formation of such lateral heterogeneities. We propose to model the plasma membrane as a nonequilibrium phase-separating system where(More)
Quasispecies dynamics mediates adaptability of RNA viruses through a number of mechanisms reviewed in the present article, with emphasis on the medical implications for the hepatitis viruses. We discuss replicative and non-replicative molecular mechanisms of genome variation, modulating effects of mutant spectra, and several modes of viral evolution that(More)
Diagnosis, management and treatment of chronic Chagas' gastrointestinal disease in areas where Trypanosoma cruzi infection is not endemic Diagnóstico, manejo y tratamiento de la afectación digestiva en la fase crónica de la enfermedad de Chagas en países no end emicos Any transmission of this document by any media or format is strictly prohibited.
Phase separation kinetics of two-dimensional ternary mixtures have been studied by means of a Monte Carlo approach. Standard Kawasaki kinetics are impractical to study the late stages of the segregation process at deep quenches. An extension of the accelerated algorithm for binary mixtures proposed by Marko and Barkema [Phys. Rev. E 52, 2522 (1995)] is(More)
Previous studies have identified a set of highly phosphorylated proteins of 23–25 kDa accumulated during normal embryogenesis of Zea mays L. and which disappear in early germination. They can be induced precociously in embryos by abscisic acid (ABA) treatment. Here the synthesis and accumulation of this group of proteins and their corresponding mRNAs were(More)
The internal ribosome entry site (IRES) of hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA contains >300 bases of highly conserved 5'-terminal sequence, most of it in the uncapped 5'-untranslated region (5'-UTR) upstream from the single AUG initiator triplet at which translation of the HCV polyprotein begins. Although progress has been made in defining singularities like the(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA is recognized and cleaved in vitro by RNase P enzyme near the AUG start codon. Because RNase P identifies transfer RNA (tRNA) precursors, it has been proposed that HCV RNA adopts structural similarities to tRNA. Here, we present experimental evidence of RNase P sensitivity conservation in natural RNA variant sequences, including(More)
Experimental evidence that RNA virus populations consist of distributions of mutant genomes, termed quasispecies, was first published 31 years ago. This work provided the earliest experimental support for a theory to explain a system that replicated with limited fidelity and to understand the self-organization and adaptability of early life forms on Earth.(More)