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Ischemia-reperfusion injury is an important cause of liver damage occurring during surgical procedures including hepatic resection and liver transplantation, and represents the main underlying cause of graft dysfunction post-transplantation. Cellular and biochemical processes occurring during hepatic ischemia-reperfusion are diverse and complex, and include(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Liver grafts obtained from healthy rat donors develop acute microcirculatory dysfunction due to cold-storage and warm-reperfusion injuries. These detrimental effects are avoided adding simvastatin to the cold-storage solution. Considering the importance of increasing organ donor pool for transplantation, we characterized whether(More)
PURPOSE Plant-derived oleanolic acid (OA) and its related synthetic derivatives (Br-OA and Me-OA) possess antihypertensive effects in experimental animals. The present study investigated possible underlying mechanisms in rat isolated single ventricular myocytes and in vascular smooth muscles superfused at 37°C. METHODS Cell shortening was assessed at 1 Hz(More)
INTRODUCTION Autophagy is a cellular process essential for survival and homeostasis that confers cellular protection toward a wide range of deleterious stimuli. It has a highly complex regulation with several autophagic proteins also belonging to other main signaling pathways as cell proliferation or apoptosis. In addition, autophagy has an important role(More)
BACKGROUND Steatosis is a risk factor in partial hepatectomy (PH) under ischaemia-reperfusion (I/R), which is commonly applied in clinical practice to reduce bleeding. Nutritional support strategies, as well as the role of peripheral adipose tissue as energy source for liver regeneration, remain poorly investigated. AIMS To investigate whether the(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Numerous steatotic livers are discarded for transplantation because of their poor tolerance to ischemia-reperfusion. Controversial roles for adiponectin and related adipocytokines visfatin and resistin have been described in different liver pathologies, nevertheless it is unknown their possible implication in ischemia-reperfusion injury(More)
OBJECTIVE In the liver, the transcription factor, Kruppel-like factor 2 (KLF2), is induced early during progression of cirrhosis to lessen the development of vascular dysfunction; nevertheless, its endogenous expression results insufficient to attenuate establishment of portal hypertension and aggravation of cirrhosis. Herein, we aimed to explore the(More)
OBJECTIVE The first objective was to investigate if intracellular and extracellular levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) within the mouse aorta increase before or after diet-induced lesion formation. The second objective was to investigate if intracellular and extracellular ROS correlates to cell composition in atherosclerotic lesions. The third(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Increased hepatic vascular resistance due to fibrosis and elevated hepatic vascular tone is the primary factor in the development of portal hypertension. Heparin may decrease fibrosis by inhibiting intrahepatic microthrombosis and thrombin-mediated hepatic stellate cell activation. In addition, heparin enhances eNOS activity, which may(More)
Increased hepatic vascular resistance is the primary factor in the development of portal hypertension. Metformin ameliorates vascular cells function in several vascular beds. Our study was aimed at evaluating the effects, and the underlying mechanisms, of metformin on hepatic and systemic hemodynamics in cirrhotic rats and its possible interaction with the(More)