Jordi Carratalà

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BACKGROUND Health care-associated pneumonia (HCAP) has been proposed as a new category of respiratory infection. However, limited data exist to validate this entity. We aimed to ascertain the epidemiology, causative organisms, antibiotic susceptibilities, and outcomes of and empirical antibiotic therapy for HCAP requiring hospitalization. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the clinical features, risk factors, molecular epidemiology and outcome of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-EC) bacteraemia in hospitalized cancer patients. METHODS Episodes of ESBL-EC bacteraemia were compared with a susceptible control group in a 3 year prospective study. ESBL-EC strains were studied(More)
Healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP) includes a broad spectrum of patients who acquire pneumonia through outpatient contact with the health system. Although limited prospective data exist, it has been suggested that all patients with HCAP should receive empirical therapy with a multidrug regimen directed against drug-resistant organisms. We aimed to(More)
The aim of this study was to analyze medical outcomes, including risks for complications and mortality, in 332 adult patients hospitalized for cellulitis. The infection was documented microbiologically in 128 cases (39%). Staphylococcus aureus (46 cases) and Streptococcus pyogenes (22 cases) were the most frequent causative pathogens. Overall, 63 patients(More)
It is important to realize that guidelines cannot always account for individual variation among patients. They are not intended to supplant physician judgment with respect to particular patients or special clinical situations. IDSA considers adherence to these guidelines to be voluntary, with the ultimate determination regarding their application to be made(More)
We performed an observational analysis of prospectively collected data on 533 nonseverely immunosuppressed adult patients who were hospitalized for community-acquired pneumonia on the basis of conventional admission criteria. For this population, we correlated etiology, reasons for admission, and outcomes using the Pneumonia Severity Index (PSI), to(More)
A retrospective review of 150 cases of group B streptococcal disease in nonpregnant adults over an 8-year period was performed in a single tertiary-care teaching hospital to determine the incidence, clinical spectrum, and outcome of the disease. Incidence increased from 0.53 cases per 1,000 admissions in the 1993–1994 period to 0.96 cases per 1,000(More)
BACKGROUND Bacteremic pneumonia is a major cause of death among neutropenic patients with cancer. METHODS We analyzed the causes, empirical antibiotic therapy, and outcome of 40 consecutive cases of bacteremic pneumonia identified among 408 episodes of bacteremia in adult neutropenic patients with cancer, prospectively documented from 1986 to 1995. (More)
We evaluated the usefulness of a rapid urinary antigen test (Binax NOW; Binax) to detect Streptococcus pneumoniae for the early diagnosis of community-acquired pneumococcal pneumonia (PP) in 220 nonseverely immunosuppressed adults. We compared results of this test with those of sputum Gram staining. The rapid urinary antigen test showed limited sensitivity(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the risk factors, antibiotic therapy and outcomes of multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacilli (MDRGNB) bacteraemia in hospitalized patients with cancer. METHODS Episodes of MDRGNB bacteraemia were compared with a susceptible control group in a 4 year prospective study. RESULTS Of 747 bacteraemias, 372 (49.7%) were caused by a(More)