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MOTIVATION Motif-prediction algorithm capabilities for the analysis of bacterial regulatory networks and the prediction of new regulatory sites can be greatly enhanced by the use of comparative genomics approaches. In this study, we make use of a consensus-building algorithm and comparative genomics to conduct an in-depth analysis of the LexA-regulon of(More)
Previous studies have established that the expression of Salmonella enterica pathogenicity island 1 (SPI1), which is essential for epithelial invasion, is mainly regulated by the HilD protein. The ferric uptake regulator, Fur, in turn modulates the expression of the S. enterica hilD gene, albeit through an unknown mechanism. Here we report that S. enterica(More)
The lexA gene of the cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. strain PCC7120 has been cloned by PCR amplification with primers designed after TBLASTN analysis of its genome sequence using the Escherichia coli LexA sequence as a probe. After over-expression in E. coli and subsequent purification, footprinting experiments demonstrated that the Anabaena LexA protein binds(More)
UV-irradiation of E. coli induces a two fold increase in ATP pool in the first 20 min. Afterwards, in RecA+ strains ATP level drops quickly below values of non irradiated cells. Mutants of E. coli defective in RecA protein or with either RecA protease activity deficient or protease resistant LexA repressor do not present this decrease, showing that it is(More)
The SOS response of bacteria is a global regulatory network targeted at addressing DNA damage. Governed by the products of the lexA and recA genes, it co-ordinates a comprehensive response against DNA lesions and its description in Escherichia coli has stood for years as a textbook paradigm of stress-response systems in bacteria. In this paper we review the(More)
Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli cells have two different class I ribonucleotide reductases encoded by the nrdEF and nrdAB operons. Despite the presence of one additional ribonucleotide reductase, the nrdAB-encoded enzyme is essential to the aerobic growth of the cell because nrdAB-defective mutants of both species are not viable in the presence(More)
The use of glass–silicon chips for PCR analysis has been widely reported in the last decade, but there have been few systematic efforts to pin down the biochemical problems such systems bring forth. Here we report a systematic analysis of material-related inhibition and adsorption phenomena in glass–silicon PCR-chips. The results suggest that the previously(More)
The Sinorhizobium meliloti uvrA gene was isolated by complementation of a Rhodobacter sphaeroides UvrA− mutant. DNA sequencing of the region upstream of the S. meliloti uvrA gene reveals the presence of the ssb gene in the opposite transcriptional orientation. PCR-mediated mutagenesis demonstrated that expression of these two genes is inducible by DNA(More)
Escherichia coli LexA protein is the repressor of a gene network whose members are directly involved in the repair of damaged DNA and in the survival of bacterial cells until DNA lesions have been eliminated. The lexA gene is widely present in bacteria, although the sequences of only three LexA-binding sites are known: Gram-positive, alpha Proteobacteria(More)
Integrons are found in the genome of hundreds of environmental bacteria but are mainly known for their role in the capture and spread of antibiotic resistance determinants among Gram-negative pathogens. We report a direct link between this system and the ubiquitous SOS response. We found that LexA controlled expression of most integron integrases and(More)