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The SOS response of bacteria is a global regulatory network targeted at addressing DNA damage. Governed by the products of the lexA and recA genes, it co-ordinates a comprehensive response against DNA lesions and its description in Escherichia coli has stood for years as a textbook paradigm of stress-response systems in bacteria. In this paper we review the(More)
The lexA gene of the cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. strain PCC7120 has been cloned by PCR amplification with primers designed after TBLASTN analysis of its genome sequence using the Escherichia coli LexA sequence as a probe. After over-expression in E. coli and subsequent purification, footprinting experiments demonstrated that the Anabaena LexA protein binds(More)
Staphylococcal superantigen-carrying pathogenicity islands (SaPIs) are discrete, chromosomally integrated units of approximately 15 kilobases that are induced by helper phages to excise and replicate. SaPI DNA is then efficiently encapsidated in phage-like infectious particles, leading to extremely high frequencies of intra- as well as intergeneric(More)
MOTIVATION Motif-prediction algorithm capabilities for the analysis of bacterial regulatory networks and the prediction of new regulatory sites can be greatly enhanced by the use of comparative genomics approaches. In this study, we make use of a consensus-building algorithm and comparative genomics to conduct an in-depth analysis of the LexA-regulon of(More)
The Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium znuABC genes encoding a high-affinity zinc uptake system and its regulatory zur gene have been cloned. Salmonella serovar Typhimurium zur and znuC knockout mutants have been constructed by marker exchange. The 50% lethal dose of the znuC mutant increased when either orally or intraperitoneally inoculated in BALB/c(More)
Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli cells have two different class I ribonucleotide reductases encoded by the nrdEF and nrdAB operons. Despite the presence of one additional ribonucleotide reductase, the nrdAB-encoded enzyme is essential to the aerobic growth of the cell because nrdAB-defective mutants of both species are not viable in the presence(More)
Previous studies have established that the expression of Salmonella enterica pathogenicity island 1 (SPI1), which is essential for epithelial invasion, is mainly regulated by the HilD protein. The ferric uptake regulator, Fur, in turn modulates the expression of the S. enterica hilD gene, albeit through an unknown mechanism. Here we report that S. enterica(More)
Integrons are found in the genome of hundreds of environmental bacteria but are mainly known for their role in the capture and spread of antibiotic resistance determinants among Gram-negative pathogens. We report a direct link between this system and the ubiquitous SOS response. We found that LexA controlled expression of most integron integrases and(More)
The exbB, exbD and tonB genes of the Pasteurella multocida animal pathogen have been cloned by complementation of an Escherichia coli tonB mutant. Despite these three genes being physically linked, RT-PCR analysis, lacZ transcriptional fusions and construction of insertional mutants have demonstrated that they do not constitute an operon, but rather are(More)
The Escherichia coli LexA protein was used as a query sequence in TBLASTN searches to identify the lexA gene of the delta-proteobacterium Geobacter sulfurreducens from its genome sequence. The results of the search indicated that G. sulfurreducens has two independent lexA genes designated lexA1 and lexA2. A copy of a dinB gene homologue, which in E. coli(More)