Jordi Altimiras

Learn More
The hypothesis that the increase in post-prandial splanchnic blood flow will be reduced during hypoxia to prioritise blood flow to other organs was tested by measuring cardiac output and gut blood flow during a stepwise hypoxic challenge (five steps, from 20.6 to 3.9 kPa, 5 min of exposure to each level) before and after feeding (equivalent to 2.9% of body(More)
The cardiac limb of the baroreflex loop was studied in the saltwater crocodile Crocodylus porosus. The classical pharmacological methodology using phenylephrine and sodium nitroprusside was used to trigger blood pressure changes, and the resulting alterations in heart rate were analysed quantitatively using a logistic function. Interindividual differences(More)
In reptiles the influence of local vascular factors on blood flow regulation is vaguely understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of nitric oxide (NO) on vascular function in anesthetized Trachemys scripta. The experimental protocol consisted of serial injections of sodium nitroprusside (SNP; 25 microg. kg(-1)), L-arginine (185 mg.(More)
Renewed interest in the use of the embryonic chicken as a model of perinatal cardiovascular regulation has inspired new questions about the control mechanisms that respond to acute perturbations, such as hypoxia. The objectives of this study were to determine the cardiovascular responses, the regulatory mechanisms involved in those cardiovascular responses,(More)
Chronic hypoxic incubation is a common tool used to address the plasticity of morphological and physiological characteristics during vertebrate development. In this study chronic hypoxic incubation of embryonic American alligators resulted in both morphological (mass) and physiological changes. During normoxic incubation embryonic mass, liver mass and heart(More)
  • J Altimiras
  • Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part A…
  • 1999
Heart rate variations reflect the output of the complex control of the heart mediated by the autonomic nervous system. Because of that, they also encode different types of information, namely the efferent outflow of reflex mechanisms involved in the beat-to-beat control of cardiac function, the efferent activity of neurohumoral elements involved in the(More)
The reactivity of human fetoplacental arteries is regulated by humoral and local factors of maternal and fetal origin. The chorioallantoic (CA) arteries of bird embryos are homologous to fetoplacental arteries and fulfill the same gas-exchange purpose without maternal influences, but their reactivity has not been studied in detail. In the present study we(More)
By exposing chicken embryos to hypoxia (10%) acutely (2, 4, and 6 hr) during early development (2, 3, and 4 days) we tested the hypothesis that hypoxia has an impact on embryonic growth and impairs cardiac development at the time cardiac morphogenesis is taking place. After the hypoxic perturbation, the embryos were allowed to develop until day 9, when(More)
In trout and salmon, the metabolic costs of exercise and feeding are additive, which would suggest that gastrointestinal blood flow during exercise is maintained to preserve digestive and absorptive processes related to the specific dynamic action (SDA) of food. However, in most published studies, gastrointestinal blood flow drops during swimming, hypoxia,(More)
The importance of diffusion and perfusion in terms of oxygen transport was evaluated by chronically altering environmental O2 availability (hypoxia or hyperoxia) and blood O2 content (carbon monoxide) through development in Xenopus laevis. Oxygen consumption (MO2), individual wet mass, heart rate (fH), and stroke volume (SV) were measured in animals raised(More)