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BACKGROUND AND METHODS Most strains of herpes simplex virus that are resistant to acyclovir are susceptible in vitro to both foscarnet and vidarabine. We conducted a randomized trial to compare foscarnet with vidarabine in 14 patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and mucocutaneous herpetic lesions that had been unresponsive to(More)
The hydroxylation of phenylalanine by the Fenton reaction and gamma-radiolysis yields 2-hydroxy-, 3-hydroxy-, and 4-hydroxyphenylalanine (tyrosine), while the hydroxylation of tyrosine results in 2,3- and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (dopa). Yields are determined as a function of pH and the presence or absence of oxidants. During gamma-radiolysis and the(More)
In vitro susceptibility testing of herpes simplex virus (HSV) isolates will play an increasingly important role in guiding the clinical management of immunocompromised hosts who have lesions that are poorly responsive to therapy with standard antiviral agents. We assessed the correlation between the in vitro susceptibility result using a plaque reduction(More)
Products of the chemical hydroxylation of tryptophan by Fenton and Udenfriend reactions are similar to those obtained by ionizing radiation. When tryptophan is exposed to either of these systems, a mixture of four hydroxytryptophans, oxindole-3-alanine, and N-formylkynurenine is formed. This observation indicates that the hydroxyl radical attacks the(More)
The yield of 2,3- and 2,5-dihydroxybenzoates (dHB's) from the reaction of .OH radicals with salicylate (SA) ions has been measured as a function of pH and in the presence of oxidants. Under steady-state radiolysis conditions, the production of these products occurs via the reactions .OH + SA----HO-SA. (radical adduct) HO-SA. H+.OH+----2-carboxyphenoxyl(More)
To determine the significance of cytomegalovirus (CMV) pulmonary coinfection with Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in AIDS, we examined the association of long- and short-term survival and morbidity (as defined by length of hospital stay) with recovery of CMV from bronchoscopy specimens and an indirect measure of virus titer in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(More)
The reduction of ferrate(VI) to ferrate(V) by superoxide ions was studied over the pH range 2.6-13.0 using the premix pulse radiolysis technique. The pH dependence indicates that only the unstable protonated forms of ferrate, H2FeO4 (pKa3.5) and HFeO4- (pKa7.3) are reactive, k(HFeO4(-) + O2) = (1.7 +/- 0.2) x 10(7) M-1 s-1. The stable ferrate ion, FeO4(2-),(More)
We report the first published case (to our knowledge) of histopathologically documented acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related cytomegalovirus (CMV) myelitis in which antiviral drug therapy was administered. Despite sensitivity of the patient's CMV isolate to therapy with both ganciclovir and foscarnet, use of neither of these agents halted progression(More)
The reactions of Fe(II)EDTA, Fe(II)DTPA, and Fe(II)HEDTA with hydrogen peroxide near neutral pH have been investigated. All these reactions have been assumed to proceed through an active intermediate, I1, (Formula: see text) where pac is one of the three polyaminocarboxylates mentioned above. I1, whether .OH radical or an iron complex, reacts with ethanol,(More)