Jordan R Warford

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Angiogenesis is the formation of new blood vessels form pre-existing vasculature whose contribution to inflammatory conditions of the Central Nervous System is being studied in order to generate novel therapeutic targets. This study is the first to investigate the impact of two particular angiogenesis inhibitors on murine Experimental Autoimmune(More)
Habitual consumption of dietary flavonoids known to improve mitochondrial bioenergetics and inhibit various secondary sources of reactive oxygen species (ROS) reduces the risk for neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson's disease (PD), stroke, and Alzheimer's disease (AD). Combining specific dietary flavonoids selected on the basis of oral(More)
We report here neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory effects of a flavonoid-enriched fraction isolated from the peel of Northern Spy apples (AF4) in a mouse of model of hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain damage. Oral administration of AF4 (50 mg/kg, once daily for 3 days) prior to 50 min of HI completely prevented motor performance deficits assessed 14 days later(More)
The anti-inflammatory and restorative effects of the flavonoid-enriched fraction AF4 were examined in a mouse model of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Relative to EAE mice that received vehicle (water, 10 ml/kg/day), oral administration of AF4 (25mg/kg/day) beginning 24h after the onset of clinical signs reduced disease severity from days(More)
INTRODUCTION MS is a heterogeneous disorder that requires the development of better diagnostics to identify disease subtypes enabling appropriate therapeutic intervention at an early stage of the disease. Accumulating evidence indicates that members of the inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) family play an important role in the pathogenesis of MS by reducing the(More)
Transcriptional dysregulation is a major pathological feature of Huntington's disease (HD). The goal of this study was to understand how p65/RelA co-regulated genes, specifically those of the cytokine and endocannabinoid systems, were affected in HD. p65/RelA levels were lower in human HD tissue and R6/2 HD mice, as were the levels of the type 1 cannabinoid(More)
BACKGROUND Sepsis is a systemic response to infection that can affect brain function by inducing resident cells (including astrocytes and microglia) to generate brain chemokines and cytokines. However, there are few studies on the human brain. Since this information may shed further light on pathogenesis, our study objective was to measure the expression of(More)
Surfen (bis-2-methyl-4-amino-quinolyl-6-carbamide) binds to glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) and has been shown to influence their function, and the function of proteoglycans (complexes of GAGs linked to a core protein). T cells synthesize, secrete and express GAGs and proteoglycans which are involved in several aspects of T cell function. However, there are as(More)
The effects of global mitochondrial calcium (Ca2+) uniporter (MCU) deficiency on hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury, neuronal Ca2+ handling, bioenergetics and hypoxic preconditioning (HPC) were examined. Forebrain mitochondria isolated from global MCU nulls displayed markedly reduced Ca2+ uptake and Ca2+-induced opening of the membrane permeability(More)
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