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Cortisol is metabolized to 6beta-hydroxycortisol by human cytochrome p450-3A4 (CYP3A4), an important enzyme involved in the metabolism of a variety of exogenous and endogenous compounds. Both cortisol and 6beta-hydroxycortisol are excreted in urine, and the ratio of these steroids has been proposed as an indicator of CYP3A4 activity. We evaluated(More)
BACKGROUND Since oxidized LDL is thought to initiate atherosclerosis and the serum glutathione peroxidase (GPx3) reduces oxidized lipids, we investigated whether high GPx3 activity reduces cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. METHODS We determined GPx3 in stored samples from the Minnesota Heart Survey of 130 participants who after 5 to 12 years of(More)
We have previously found that for acetaminophen kinetic differences exist between the hepatic microsomal catalyzed protein binding and cysteine conjugation. We have also observed that the protein binding of acetaminophen is only to intralumenal proteins. Together these data suggested that two pools of the reactive metabolite, N-acetyl-p-benzoquinone imine(More)
The ratio of urinary 2-hydroxyestrone (2-OHE1) to 16alpha-hydroxyestrone (16alpha-OHE1) has been suggested as a potential biomarker for breast cancer risk. We evaluated within-person variability of this biomarker in ten healthy Caucasian women aged 23-58 years. Each study participant was asked to provide an overnight fasting morning urine sample once a week(More)
A spinn immunoassay for diphenylhydantoin is reported, which appears to give an accurate and precise estimate of serum diphenylhydantoin concentrations, as judged by the disappearance of [14C]diphenylhydantoin from the serum of a rabbit. The assay also appears to be a reliable technique for routine diphenylhydantoin determinations, as judged from our(More)
Displacement of spin-labeled drugs from drug-specific antibodies in human serum can be measured by use of electron spin resonance. This "spin immunoassay" has advantages of speed, simplicity, and small volume requirements over other standard techniques such as gas-liquid, liquid-liquid, or thin-layer chromatography. Unlike radioimmunoassay, there is no need(More)