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Cortisol is metabolized to 6beta-hydroxycortisol by human cytochrome p450-3A4 (CYP3A4), an important enzyme involved in the metabolism of a variety of exogenous and endogenous compounds. Both cortisol and 6beta-hydroxycortisol are excreted in urine, and the ratio of these steroids has been proposed as an indicator of CYP3A4 activity. We evaluated(More)
BACKGROUND Since oxidized LDL is thought to initiate atherosclerosis and the serum glutathione peroxidase (GPx3) reduces oxidized lipids, we investigated whether high GPx3 activity reduces cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. METHODS We determined GPx3 in stored samples from the Minnesota Heart Survey of 130 participants who after 5 to 12 years of(More)
The ratio of urinary 2-hydroxyestrone (2-OHE1) to 16alpha-hydroxyestrone (16alpha-OHE1) has been suggested as a potential biomarker for breast cancer risk. We evaluated within-person variability of this biomarker in ten healthy Caucasian women aged 23-58 years. Each study participant was asked to provide an overnight fasting morning urine sample once a week(More)
It is currently thought that the dementia of Alzheimer's disease is due to the neurotoxicity of the deposits or aggregates of amyloid-β (Aβ) in the extracellular space of the cerebral cortex. This model has been widely criticized because there is a poor correlation between deposits and dementia. Others have questioned whether Aβ is truly neurotoxic. Yet, in(More)
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