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Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is characterized by genetic and acquired abnormalities of the complement system leading to alternative pathway (AP) overactivation and by glomerular endothelial damage, thrombosis, and mechanical hemolysis. Mutations per se are not sufficient to induce aHUS, and nonspecific primary triggers are required for disease(More)
Carbohydrate recognition is essential for growth, cell adhesion and signalling in all living organisms. A highly conserved carbohydrate binding module, LysM, is found in proteins from viruses, bacteria, fungi, plants and mammals. LysM modules recognize polysaccharides containing N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) residues including peptidoglycan, an essential(More)
CD31 is a transmembrane molecule endowed with T cell regulatory functions owing to the presence of 2 immunotyrosine-based inhibitory motifs. For reasons not understood, CD31 is lost by a portion of circulating T lymphocytes, which appear prone to uncontrolled activation. In this study, we show that extracellular T cell CD31 comprising Ig-like domains 1 to 5(More)
SUMMARY BACKGROUND BO2C11 is a human monoclonal factor (F) VIII inhibitor. When bound to the C2 domain of FVIII, the Fab fragment of BO2C11 (Fab(BO2C11)) buries a surface of C2 that contains residues participating in a binding site for von Willebrand factor (VWF). BO2C11 has thus been proposed to neutralize FVIII by steric hindrance. OBJECTIVES The BO2C11(More)
Replacement therapy in hemophilia A with exogenous coagulation factor VIII (FVIII) often results in the development of FVIII-neutralizing antibodies, referred to as inhibitors. Despite of large number of studies on the functional properties of FVIII inhibitors, detailed physicochemical characterization of their interactions is not available. Here we studied(More)
Complement is a major innate immune defense against pathogens, tightly regulated to prevent host tissue damage. Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is characterized by endothelial damage leading to renal failure and is highly associated with abnormal alternative pathway regulation. We characterized the functional consequences of 2 aHUS-associated(More)
C1q is the recognition subunit of the first component of the classical complement pathway. It participates in clearance of immune complexes and apoptotic cells as well as in defense against pathogens. Inappropriate activation of the complement contributes to cellular and tissue damage in different pathologies, urging the need for the development of(More)
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) contains a wide range of self-reactive immunoglobulins (Ig) G. Acidic pH is known to increase the reactivity of purified IgG with self-antigens. We describe here the target antigens of IgG autoantibodies in IVIg and analyze the influence of acidic pH on IgG reactivities. We used 2-DE and immunoblotting with protein extracts(More)
Polyspecific antibodies represent a first line of defense against infection and regulate inflammation, properties hypothesized to rely on their ability to interact with multiple antigens. We demonstrated that IgG exposure to pro-oxidative ferrous ions or to reactive oxygen species enhances paratope flexibility and hydrophobicity, leading to expansion of the(More)
Intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) are known to have a therapeutic effect in some autoimmune diseases. We examined the effect of IVIG and heme-exposed IVIG on the development of immune mediated diabetes induced in C57BL/6 mice by multiple low doses of streptozotocin. IVIG were used in a dose of 200mg/kg daily for 15 days. Treatment with IVIG resulted in(More)