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Carbohydrate recognition is essential for growth, cell adhesion and signalling in all living organisms. A highly conserved carbohydrate binding module, LysM, is found in proteins from viruses, bacteria, fungi, plants and mammals. LysM modules recognize polysaccharides containing N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) residues including peptidoglycan, an essential(More)
Complement is a major innate immune defense against pathogens, tightly regulated to prevent host tissue damage. Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is characterized by endothelial damage leading to renal failure and is highly associated with abnormal alternative pathway regulation. We characterized the functional consequences of 2 aHUS-associated(More)
CD31 is a transmembrane molecule endowed with T cell regulatory functions owing to the presence of 2 immunotyrosine-based inhibitory motifs. For reasons not understood, CD31 is lost by a portion of circulating T lymphocytes, which appear prone to uncontrolled activation. In this study, we show that extracellular T cell CD31 comprising Ig-like domains 1 to 5(More)
Acquired hemophilia is a rare hemorrhagic disorder caused by the spontaneous appearance of inhibitory autoantibodies directed against endogenous coagulation factor VIII (FVIII). Inhibitory Abs also arise in patients with congenital hemophilia A as alloantibodies directed to therapeutic FVIII. Both autoimmune and alloimmune inhibitors neutralize FVIII by(More)
Chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN), a major cause of late allograft failure, is characterized by a progressive decline in graft function correlated with tissue destruction. Uncontrolled activation of the coagulation cascade by the stressed endothelium of the graft is thought to play an important role in the pathophysiology of CAN. In this study, we(More)
Vascular endothelial cells (ECs) link hemostasis, thrombosis, and complement. ECs synthesize both the clotting initiator von Willebrand factor (VWF) and the complement regulator factor H (FH). VWF is stored in EC Weibel-Palade bodies (WPBs), but the intracellular location of FH is not well defined. We found that FH colocalizes with VWF in WPBs of human(More)
An Ab molecule or a BCR that is able to bind multiple structurally unrelated Ags is defined as polyreactive. Polyreactive Abs and BCRs constitute an important part of immune repertoires under physiological conditions and may play essential roles in immune defense and in the maintenance of immune homeostasis. In this review, we integrate and discuss(More)
Acquired hemophilia is a rare bleeding disorder characterized by the spontaneous occurrence of inhibitory antibodies against endogenous factor VIII (FVIII). IgG from some patients with acquired hemophilia hydrolyze FVIII. Because of the complex etiology of the disease, no clinical parameter, including the presence of FVIII-hydrolyzing IgG, has been(More)