Learn More
CD31 is a transmembrane molecule endowed with T cell regulatory functions owing to the presence of 2 immunotyrosine-based inhibitory motifs. For reasons not understood, CD31 is lost by a portion of circulating T lymphocytes, which appear prone to uncontrolled activation. In this study, we show that extracellular T cell CD31 comprising Ig-like domains 1 to 5(More)
Vascular endothelial cells (ECs) link hemostasis, thrombosis, and complement. ECs synthesize both the clotting initiator von Willebrand factor (VWF) and the complement regulator factor H (FH). VWF is stored in EC Weibel-Palade bodies (WPBs), but the intracellular location of FH is not well defined. We found that FH colocalizes with VWF in WPBs of human(More)
Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is characterized by genetic and acquired abnormalities of the complement system leading to alternative pathway (AP) overactivation and by glomerular endothelial damage, thrombosis, and mechanical hemolysis. Mutations per se are not sufficient to induce aHUS, and nonspecific primary triggers are required for disease(More)
Polyspecific antibodies represent a first line of defense against infection and regulate inflammation, properties hypothesized to rely on their ability to interact with multiple antigens. We demonstrated that IgG exposure to pro-oxidative ferrous ions or to reactive oxygen species enhances paratope flexibility and hydrophobicity, leading to expansion of the(More)
Carbohydrate recognition is essential for growth, cell adhesion and signalling in all living organisms. A highly conserved carbohydrate binding module, LysM, is found in proteins from viruses, bacteria, fungi, plants and mammals. LysM modules recognize polysaccharides containing N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) residues including peptidoglycan, an essential(More)
SUMMARY BACKGROUND BO2C11 is a human monoclonal factor (F) VIII inhibitor. When bound to the C2 domain of FVIII, the Fab fragment of BO2C11 (Fab(BO2C11)) buries a surface of C2 that contains residues participating in a binding site for von Willebrand factor (VWF). BO2C11 has thus been proposed to neutralize FVIII by steric hindrance. OBJECTIVES The BO2C11(More)
Replacement therapy in hemophilia A with exogenous coagulation factor VIII (FVIII) often results in the development of FVIII-neutralizing antibodies, referred to as inhibitors. Despite of large number of studies on the functional properties of FVIII inhibitors, detailed physicochemical characterization of their interactions is not available. Here we studied(More)
Complement is a major innate immune defense against pathogens, tightly regulated to prevent host tissue damage. Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is characterized by endothelial damage leading to renal failure and is highly associated with abnormal alternative pathway regulation. We characterized the functional consequences of 2 aHUS-associated(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) released from activated phagocytes are involved in the innate immune defense against pathogens. However, when released in excess and when the antioxidant systems are impaired, ROS may induce cellular and tissue damage and dissociation of iron ions or iron containing compounds (heme) from protein-bound state. Free iron ions and(More)
Most vaccines, including those against influenza, were developed by focusing solely on humoral response for protection. However, vaccination activates different adaptive compartments that might play a role in protection. We took advantage of the pandemic 2009 A(H1N1) influenza vaccination to conduct a longitudinal integrative multiparametric analysis of(More)