Learn More
By means of differential scanning calorimetry and from a review of published data we demonstrate in this work that low-molecular weight kosmotropic substances (water-structure makers) of different chemical structure such as disaccharides, proline, and glycerol have identical effects on the phase behavior of several kinds of phospholipids and glycolipids.(More)
We consider the discrete-time evolution of a finite number of particles obeying the totally asymmetric exclusion process with backward-ordered update on an infinite chain. Our first result is a determinant expression for the conditional probability of finding the particles at given initial and final positions, provided that they start and finish(More)
We propose a bridge between the theory of exactly solvable models and the investigation of traffic flow. By choosing the activities in an apropriate way the dimer configurations of the Kasteleyn model on a hexagonal lattice can be interpreted as space-time trajectories of cars. This then allows for a calculation of the flow-density relationship (fundamental(More)
The applicability of the concepts of finite-size scaling and universality to nonequilibrium phase transitions is considered in the framework of the one-dimensional totally asymmetric simple-exclusion process with open boundaries. In the thermodynamic limit there are boundary-induced transitions both of the first and second order between steady-state phases(More)
Computer simulations of the totally asymmetric simple-exclusion process on chains with a double-chain section in the middle are performed in the case of random-sequential update. The outer ends of the chain segments connected to the middle double-chain section are open, so that particles are injected at the left end with rate alpha and removed at the right(More)
We apply the matrix-product ansatz to study the totally asymmetric simple exclusion process on a ring with a generalized discrete-time dynamics depending on two hopping probabilities, p and p[over ̃]. The model contains as special cases the TASEP with parallel update, when p[over ̃]=0, and with sequential backward-ordered update, when p[over ̃]=p. We(More)
We report here results on the study of the totally asymmetric simple exclusion process, defined on an open network, consisting of head and tail simple-chain segments with a double-chain section inserted in between. Results of numerical simulations for relatively short chains reveal an interesting feature of the network. When the current through the system(More)
We consider the asymmetric simple exclusion process (TASEP) on an open network consisting of three consecutively coupled macroscopic chain segments with a shortcut between the tail of the first segment and the head of the third one. The model was introduced by Y.-M. Yuan et al. [J. Phys. A 40, 12351 (2007)] to describe directed motion of molecular motors(More)