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Rats with complete excitotoxic hippocampal lesions or selective damage to the dorsal or ventral hippocampus were compared with controls on measures of contextually conditioned freezing in a signaled shock procedure and on a spatial water-maze task. Complete and ventral lesions produced equivalent, significant anterograde deficits in conditioned freezing(More)
The amnestic effects of hippocampal lesions are well documented, leading to numerous memory-based theories of hippocampal function. It is debatable, however, whether any one of these theories can satisfactorily account for all the consequences of hippocampal damage: Hippocampal lesions also result in behavioural disinhibition and reduced anxiety. A growing(More)
Maternal infection during pregnancy is an environmental risk factor for the offspring to develop severe brain disorders, including schizophrenia and autism. However, only little is known about the neurodevelopmental mechanisms underlying the association between prenatal exposure to infection and the emergence of brain and behavioral dysfunctions in later(More)
In the latent inhibition (LI) paradigm, nonreinforced preexposure to a stimulus retards subsequent conditioning to that stimulus. Three experiments investigated the effects of acute amphetamine administration on LI in rats. Experiments 1 and 3 used a conditioned emotional response (CER) procedure and Experiment 2 used two-way active avoidance procedure.(More)
Studies on the involvement of the rat hippocampus in classical fear conditioning have focused mainly on the dorsal hippocampus and conditioning to a context. However, the ventral hippocampus has intimate connections with the amygdala and the nucleus accumbens, which are involved in classical fear conditioning to explicit and contextual cues. Consistently, a(More)
Latent inhibition (LI) consists of retardation in conditioning to a stimulus as a consequence of its prior non-reinforced pre-exposure. In view of findings that LI is disrupted in acute schizophrenic patients and evidence from animal experiments pointing to the involvement of the mesolimbic dopamine (DA) system in this phenomenon, the present study(More)
Over the last decades of research there has been increasing interest in endocrine and behavioral effects of postnatal environmental manipulations. A manipulation procedure that has been widely used to date is that of maternal separation. Many studies have demonstrated that, in the rat, a single or repeated separation of the pups from the mother leads to(More)
Maternal infections during pregnancy increase the risk for schizophrenia and related disorders of putative neurodevelopmental origin in the offspring. This association has been attributed to enhanced expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the fetal environment in response to maternal immunological stimulation. In contrast, the specific roles of(More)
Prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the acoustic startle response is a measure of sensorimotor gating and is decreased in neuropsychiatric diseases, including schizophrenia. Hippocampal involvement in PPI has been the subject of several studies, in particular, as aberrant hippocampal activity has been associated with schizophrenia. In rats, chemical stimulation of(More)