Joost de Graaf

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Generalized peritonitis causes a reduction in abdominal fibrinolytic activity, resulting in persistence of intraabdominal fibrin with subsequent adhesion and abscess formation. The activities of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) and plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI) were measured in the peritoneal fluid of rats with faecal peritonitis and correlated(More)
Degradation of ethinyl estradiol (EE2) by nitrifying activated sludge was studied with micro-organisms grown in a reactor with feedback of sludge fed with only a mineral salts medium containing ammonium as the sole energy source. Ammonium was oxidised by this sludge at a rate of 50 mg NH4+ g(-1) DW h(-1). This activated sludge was also capable of degrading(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe our surgical technique for, and results of, subtotal adrenalectomy for phaeochromocytoma in multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) type 2. DESIGN Retrospective study. SETTING Teaching hospital, The Netherlands. SUBJECTS 6 patients (four women and 2 men, mean age 35 years, range 31-46) with MEN type 2 who presented between 1993 and(More)
Self-assembly of molecular units into complex and functional superstructures is ubiquitous in biology. The number of superstructures realized by self-assembly of man-made nanoscale units is also growing. However, assemblies of colloidal inorganic nanocrystals are still at an elementary level, not only because of the simplicity of the shape of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the complications of the adrenocortical supplementation that is needed after bilateral adrenalectomy for phaeochromocytoma in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) type 2 syndrome. DESIGN Retrospective study. SETTING University hospital, The Netherlands. MATERIALS 28 patients with MEN 2 who underwent total(More)
We present a new numerical scheme to study systems of nonconvex, irregular, and punctured particles in an efficient manner. We employ this method to analyze regular packings of odd-shaped bodies, both from a nanoparticle and from a computational geometry perspective. Besides determining close-packed structures for 17 irregular shapes, we confirm several(More)
Using Monte Carlo simulations and free-energy calculations, we determine the phase diagram of a family of truncated hard cubes, where the shape evolves smoothly from a cube via a cuboctahedron to an octahedron. A remarkable diversity in crystal phases and close-packed structures is found, including a fully degenerate crystal structure, several plastic(More)
In this paper, we describe the way to set up the floppy-box Monte Carlo (FBMC) method [L. Filion, M. Marechal, B. van Oorschot, D. Pelt, F. Smallenburg, and M. Dijkstra, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 188302 (2009)] to predict crystal-structure candidates for colloidal particles. The algorithm is explained in detail to ensure that it can be straightforwardly(More)
An ion-exchange-resin-based microfluidic pump is introduced that utilizes trace amounts of ions to generate fluid flows. We show experimentally that our pump operates in almost deionized water for periods exceeding 24 h and induces fluid flows of μm s-1 over hundreds of μm. This flow displays a far-field, power-law decay which is characteristic of(More)
Oriented attachment, the process in which nanometer-sized crystals fuse by atomic bonding of specific crystal facets, is expected to be more difficult to control than nanocrystal self-assembly that is driven by entropic factors or weak van der Waals attractions. Here, we present a study of oriented attachment of PbSe nanocrystals that counteract this(More)