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BACKGROUND Biomarker levels in blood after traumatic brain injury (TBI) may offer diagnostic and prognostic tools in addition to clinical indices. This study aims to validate glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and S100B concentrations in blood as outcome predictors of TBI using cutoff levels of 1.5 μg/L for GFAP and 1.13 μg/L for S100B from a previous(More)
Tyrosinase-related protein (TRP) 2 belongs to the melanocyte differentiation antigens and has been implicated as a target for immunotherapy of human as well as murine melanoma. In the current report, we explored the efficacy of nonmutated epitopes with differential binding affinity for MHC class I, derived from mouse TRP2 to induce CTL-mediated,(More)
Evidence has accumulated that the immune system can play a significant role in the defense against tumors in humans. Especially melanoma and renal cell carcinoma (RCC) are considered immunogenic tumors. In contrast to melanoma, hardly any RCC-associated antigens have been identified as targets for RCC-reactive T cells. Here, we report the identification of(More)
DC-CK1 (CCL18) is a dendritic cell (DC)-specific chemokine expressed in both T and B cell areas of secondary lymphoid organs that preferentially attracts CD45RA(+) T cells. In this study, we further explored the nature of DC-CK1 expressing cells in germinal centers (GCs) of secondary lymphoid organs using a newly developed anti-DC-CK1 mAb.(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular disease is one of the major causes of death worldwide. Assessing the risk for cardiovascular disease is an important aspect in clinical decision making and setting a therapeutic strategy, and the use of serological biomarkers may improve this. Despite an overwhelming number of studies and meta-analyses on biomarkers and(More)
BACKGROUND Previously, we demonstrated that OVA-loaded macrophages (OVA-Mphi) partially suppress OVA-induced airway manifestations of asthma in BALB/c mice. In vitro studies showed that OVA-Mphi start to produce IL-10 upon interaction with allergen-specific T cells, which might mediate their immunosuppressive effects. Herein, we examined whether IL-10 is(More)
BACKGROUND Allergic asthma is characterized by airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) and allergic inflammation of the airways, driven by allergen-specific Th2 cells. The asthma phenotypes and especially AHR are sensitive to the presence and activity of regulatory T (Treg) cells in the lung. Glucocorticoid-induced tumor necrosis factor receptor (GITR) is known to(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that macrophages (Mphi) play a crucial downregulatory role in the initiation and progression of allergic asthma. Recently, the current authors demonstrated that ovalbumin (OVA)-loaded Mphi (OVA-Mphi) suppress subsequent OVA-induced airway manifestations of asthma and that this effect could be potentiated upon selective(More)
BACKGROUND Intraoperative parathyroid hormone (ioPTH) is used during minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP) to predict the success of surgery and should be accurate with a short turnaround time. MATERIAL AND METHOD We developed an ioPTH point-of-care (POC) assay on Philips handheld magnotech system. Magnotech technology is based on magnetically(More)
Escherichia coli can be divided into 4 phylogroups: A, B1, B2 and D. Phylogroup B2 is associated with increased infection risk, and O25:ST131 specifically, is associated with increased virulence and extended‐spectrum β‐lactamase (ESBL)‐production. We compared the prevalence of phylogroups and O25:ST131 in a collection of 108 wildtype E. coli and 134(More)
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