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OBJECTIVES Recently, an increasing number of systematic reviews have been published in which the measurement properties of health status questionnaires are compared. For a meaningful comparison, quality criteria for measurement properties are needed. Our aim was to develop quality criteria for design, methods, and outcomes of studies on the development and(More)
The objective of the present study was to determine in a controlled study the efficacy of strategy training in left hemisphere stroke patients with apraxia. A total of 113 left hemisphere stroke patients with apraxia were randomly assigned to two treatment groups; (1) strategy training integrated into usual occupational therapy and (2) usual occupational(More)
BACKGROUND Ethnic minority patients seem to be confronted with barriers when using health services. Yet, care providers are often oblivious to these barriers, although they may share to some extent the burden of responsibility for them. In order to enlighten care providers, as to the potential pitfalls that may exist, there is a need to explore the(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the convergent and divergent validity of the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM). DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING The occupational therapy departments of two university hospitals in Amsterdam. SUBJECTS One hundred and five consecutive outpatients. OUTCOME MEASURES The COPM is a measure of a client's(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effectiveness of community based occupational therapy on daily functioning of patients with dementia and the sense of competence of their care givers. DESIGN Single blind randomised controlled trial. Assessors were blinded for treatment allocation. SETTING Memory clinic and day clinic of a geriatrics department and(More)
OBJECTIVE To systematically review studies describing the course of functioning in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip or knee and identifying potential prognostic factors. METHODS A systematic search was performed. Studies involving patients with hip or knee OA, >6 months of followup, and outcome measures on functional status or pain were(More)
Gait parameters that can be measured with simple instrumentation may hold promise for identifying individuals at risk of falling. Increased variability of gait is associated with increased risk of falling, but research on additional parameters indicates that local dynamic stability (LDS) of gait may also be a predictor of fall risk. The objective of the(More)
BACKGROUND Pain-related avoidance of activities is hypothesized to lead to lower muscle strength and thereby activity limitations. Negative affect (e.g., low vitality, depression) is thought to strengthen the tendency to avoid activities. PURPOSE The aim of this study was to assess the validity of this "avoidance model" in patients with early symptomatic(More)
This study evaluated the responsiveness of the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM), an individualized, client-centered outcome measure for the identification and evaluation of self-perceived occupational performance problems. We recruited 152 consecutive patients with various diagnoses, admitted to the outpatient clinic of two occupational(More)
BACKGROUND In a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled birth cohort, we have recently shown a beneficial effect of Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001 (HN001) for the prevention of eczema in children through to 6 years of age but no effect of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp lactis HN019 (HN019). OBJECTIVE Among this cohort of children, we aim to(More)