Learn More
Pegvisomant monotherapy once daily returns concentrations of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) to normal in most patients with acromegaly, but is very costly. In a 42-week dose-finding study, we assessed the efficacy of the combination of long-acting somatostatin analogues once monthly and pegvisomant once weekly in 26 patients with active acromegaly.(More)
Ghrelin exerts various metabolic activities, including regulation of glucose levels in humans. To verify whether the glucose response to ghrelin reflects a modulation of an insulin-independent hepatic phenomenon, we studied glucose output by primary porcine hepatocytes in suspension culture, after incubation with acylated ghrelin (AG), unacylated ghrelin(More)
Both unacylated ghrelin (UAG) and acylated ghrelin (AG) exert metabolic effects. To investigate the interactions between AG and UAG on ghrelin receptors we evaluated the effects of AG and UAG on INS-1E rat insulinoma cells, using insulin secretion after 30min static incubation as a read-out. A possible involvement of the growth hormone secretagogue receptor(More)
Acylated and unacylated ghrelin (AG and UAG) are gut hormones that exert pleiotropic actions, including regulation of insulin secretion and glucose metabolism. In this study, we investigated whether AG and UAG differentially regulate portal and systemic insulin levels after a glucose load. We studied the effects of the administration of AG (30 nmol/kg), UAG(More)
We investigated whether a polymorphism in codons 22 and 23 of the glucocorticoid (GC) receptor gene [GAGAGG(GluArg) --> GAAAAG(GluLys)] is associated with altered GC sensitivity, anthropometric parameters, cardiovascular risk factors, and sex steroid hormones. In a subgroup of 202 healthy elderly subjects of the Rotterdam Study, we identified 18(More)
We investigated the metabolic actions of ghrelin in humans by examining the effects of acute administration of acylated ghrelin, unacylated ghrelin, and the combination in eight adult-onset GH-deficient patients. We followed glucose, insulin, and free fatty acid concentrations before and after lunch and with or without the presence of GH in the circulation.(More)
Low birthweight is associated with later risk of type 2 diabetes and related disorders. We aimed to show that a polymorphism in the gene for insulin-like growth factor-I, which has proved to raise risk of type 2 diabetes and myocardial infarction, is associated with low birthweight. We recorded birthweight and obtained DNA for 463 adults. Individuals who(More)
OBJECTIVES In humans, fasting leads to elevated serum GH concentrations. Traditionally, changes in hypothalamic GH-releasing hormone and somatostatin release are considered as the main mechanisms that induce this elevated GH secretion during fasting. Ghrelin is an endogenous ligand of the GH secretagogue receptor and is synthesized in the stomach. As(More)
Recent studies have reported that serum IGF-I levels in the highest quartile of the normal range and IGF binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) in the lowest quartile of the normal range are associated with an increased risk of future prostate cancer and/or presence of prostate cancer. It has also been suggested that the measurement of circulating total IGF-I(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Low circulating levels of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) have been associated with an increased risk for atherosclerosis. Absence of the 192-bp (wild-type) allele in the promoter region of the IGF-I gene has been associated with low circulating IGF-I levels. We examined the role of this polymorphism in relation to blood pressure(More)