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Ghrelin exerts various metabolic activities, including regulation of glucose levels in humans. To verify whether the glucose response to ghrelin reflects a modulation of an insulin-independent hepatic phenomenon, we studied glucose output by primary porcine hepatocytes in suspension culture, after incubation with acylated ghrelin (AG), unacylated ghrelin(More)
UNLABELLED The absence of the wildtype allele of a promoter polymorphism of the IGF-I gene is associated with increased risk (1.5; 95% CI, 1.1-2.0) of fragility fracture in women (n = 4212) but not in men (n = 2799). An approximation of hip bone geometry (from DXA) suggested the polymorphism is associated with bone strength and stability in gender-specific(More)
Acylated and unacylated ghrelin (AG and UAG) are gut hormones that exert pleiotropic actions, including regulation of insulin secretion and glucose metabolism. In this study, we investigated whether AG and UAG differentially regulate portal and systemic insulin levels after a glucose load. We studied the effects of the administration of AG (30 nmol/kg), UAG(More)
BACKGROUND Some, but not all, published results have shown an association between circulating blood levels of some insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and their binding proteins (IGFBPs) and the subsequent risk for prostate cancer. PURPOSE To assess the association between levels of IGFs and IGFBPs and the subsequent risk for prostate cancer. DATA(More)
Low birthweight is associated with later risk of type 2 diabetes and related disorders. We aimed to show that a polymorphism in the gene for insulin-like growth factor-I, which has proved to raise risk of type 2 diabetes and myocardial infarction, is associated with low birthweight. We recorded birthweight and obtained DNA for 463 adults. Individuals who(More)
We investigated whether a polymorphism in codons 22 and 23 of the glucocorticoid (GC) receptor gene [GAGAGG(GluArg) --> GAAAAG(GluLys)] is associated with altered GC sensitivity, anthropometric parameters, cardiovascular risk factors, and sex steroid hormones. In a subgroup of 202 healthy elderly subjects of the Rotterdam Study, we identified 18(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent studies have demonstrated an association between a 192 bp polymorphism of the IGF-I gene and total IGF-I serum levels, birth weight, body height and the risk of developing diabetes and cardiovascular diseases later on in life. This IGF-I gene polymorphism in the promoter region of the IGF-I gene may directly influence the expression of(More)
OBJECTIVE Sensitivity to glucocorticoids differs between individuals, partially due to genetic variation in the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) gene. We studied the sequence alteration of a previously described intronic BclI polymorphism of the GR gene, and investigated whether there was an association with sensitivity to glucocorticoids and anthropometric(More)
Both unacylated ghrelin (UAG) and acylated ghrelin (AG) exert metabolic effects. To investigate the interactions between AG and UAG on ghrelin receptors we evaluated the effects of AG and UAG on INS-1E rat insulinoma cells, using insulin secretion after 30min static incubation as a read-out. A possible involvement of the growth hormone secretagogue receptor(More)
Type II deiodinase (D2) is important in the regulation of local thyroid hormone bioactivity in certain tissues. D2 in skeletal muscle may also play a role in serum triiodothyronine (T(3)) production. In this study, we identified a polymorphism in the 5'-UTR of the D2 gene (D2-ORFa-Gly3Asp). We investigated the association of D2-ORFa-Gly3Asp, and of the(More)