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The LTE-Advanced (LTE-A) system is currently under development to allow for significantly higher spectral efficiency and data throughput than LTE systems. In a wireless system based on orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) with frequency reuse factor one such as LTE, the achievable cell spectral efficiency is often limited by the inter-cell(More)
—A novel frequency-hop spread-spectrum multiple-access network employing-ary orthogonal Walsh sequence keying with noncoherent demodulation is proposed. The transmitted Walsh sequence is overlaid by a user-specific pseudonoise sequence to reduce the effect of multiple-access hits. Two Gaussian approximations for the multiple-access interference from both(More)
This study explored heterogeneous change patterns of South Korean older adults' depressive symptoms by poverty status, focusing on health status and social engagement changes. We used data from four waves (2006-2012) of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA). Our sample contained 2461 poor and 1668 non-poor individuals. All were 65 years old or(More)
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