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BACKGROUND The treatment of cavernous malformations has been controversial. Some reports suggest that surgical resection of the lesion for the prevention of recurrent hemorrhage should not be considered because of low hemorrhagic risk. However, the role of surgery in management of cavernous malformations is undergoing reevaluation. The decision for surgical(More)
PURPOSE To characterize ictal electrocorticographic features related to surgical outcomes in nonlesional neocortical epilepsy (NE). METHODS We analyzed 187 ictal electrocorticograms (ECoG) obtained from 18 patients who had undergone presurgical evaluation and subsequent neocortical resections (frontal: seven, parietal: one, occipital: four, multilobar:(More)
A prospective study of 36 consecutive patients with congenital arachnoid cysts treated endoscopically is reported. There were 15 female and 21 male patients. The mean age at the time of diagnosis was 12.3 years (10 days to 38 years). Arachnoid cysts were located in the suprasellar region in 16 patients, the sylvian fissure in 11, the quadrigeminal cistern(More)
PURPOSE Until recently, postoperative adjuvant treatment for intracranial teratomas has remained controversial because of the rarity of the tumors and the heterogeneity of histologic types. To define optimal therapy modalities, we retrospectively analyzed the treatment of patients with intracranial teratomas. METHODS Between 1979 and 2007, 31 patients(More)
PURPOSE The reported rate is up to 10% of shunt disconnection or fracture, either ventriculoperitoneal or subduroperitoneal. However, not all of shunt discontinuity is associated with shunt malfunction. We analyzed the discontinuity of the shunt system and related factors and tried to present a follow-up policy. METHODS This is a retrospective study(More)
For clarifying the pathophysiology of arachnoid cysts and reestablishing therapeutic criteria for such cases, we reviewed a series of 90 cases with arachnoid cysts focusing on the traumatic origin. Arachnoid cysts of congenital origin have been well known. But we suspected that 14 out of 90 patients (15.6%) with arachnoid cyst were closely related to head(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate causes contributing to surgical resectability and seizure outcomes depending on various clinical and surgical factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS The records of 44 patients with gangliogliomas surgically treated between April 1986 and March 2007, were retrospectively reviewed to assess(More)
CASE REPORT A 17-month-old infant girl was admitted with complex partial seizures and right side hemiparesis. Five days after the last seizure, MR signal changes were observed in the left hemisphere with a cavernous hemangioma in the middle temporal gyrus. However, these MR signal changes had normalized 11 days after the last seizure, except for the(More)
The present study was undertaken to reach a clearer understanding of the natural history of Moyamoya disease. Follow-up studies were performed in 88 patients with Moyamoya disease. They were divided into the ischemia group and the hemorrhage group. The activity of daily living (ADL) of each groups were followed up and compared between those who were(More)
OBJECT The authors propose that anterior callosotomy -- thought to have some advantages over total callosotomy -- is not superior to total callosotomy for prevention of seizure propagation or other complications. METHODS The study comprised 34 patients in whom generalized epilepsy syndrome or frontal lobe seizures with a secondary generalization were(More)