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BACKGROUND The treatment of cavernous malformations has been controversial. Some reports suggest that surgical resection of the lesion for the prevention of recurrent hemorrhage should not be considered because of low hemorrhagic risk. However, the role of surgery in management of cavernous malformations is undergoing reevaluation. The decision for surgical(More)
PURPOSE To characterize ictal electrocorticographic features related to surgical outcomes in nonlesional neocortical epilepsy (NE). METHODS We analyzed 187 ictal electrocorticograms (ECoG) obtained from 18 patients who had undergone presurgical evaluation and subsequent neocortical resections (frontal: seven, parietal: one, occipital: four, multilobar:(More)
A prospective study of 36 consecutive patients with congenital arachnoid cysts treated endoscopically is reported. There were 15 female and 21 male patients. The mean age at the time of diagnosis was 12.3 years (10 days to 38 years). Arachnoid cysts were located in the suprasellar region in 16 patients, the sylvian fissure in 11, the quadrigeminal cistern(More)
This investigation was undertaken to characterize CSF flow at the level of the aqueduct of Sylvius with a phase-contrast cine MR pulse sequence in 28 healthy volunteers. Sixteen patients with obstructive hydrocephalus and 11 patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) were investigated with the same sequence before and after CSF diversion. The peak(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Encephaloduroarteriosynangiosis (EDAS) has become the main treatment for moyamoya disease, a chronically progressive cerebrovascular occlusive disease in children. We aimed to assess the utility of perfusion-weighted MR imaging for evaluating hemodynamic changes before and after EDAS. METHODS Thirteen patients with angiographically(More)
Although intractable epilepsy associated with hypothalamic hamartoma (HH) can be controlled by microsurgical resection of the lesion, excision of deep-seated lesions is often associated with morbidity and mortality. Endoscopic disconnection is less invasive and seems to be well suited for this indication. The authors discuss the role of endoscopic-assisted(More)
PURPOSE Until recently, postoperative adjuvant treatment for intracranial teratomas has remained controversial because of the rarity of the tumors and the heterogeneity of histologic types. To define optimal therapy modalities, we retrospectively analyzed the treatment of patients with intracranial teratomas. METHODS Between 1979 and 2007, 31 patients(More)
PURPOSE To determine the optimal radiotherapy (RT) dose and volume for treatment of intracranial germinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS Eighty-one intracranial germinoma patients (33 pathologically-verified; 48 presumed by radiosensitivity testing) treated with RT alone between 1971 and 2002 were analyzed. The RT volume varied from focal (13) to whole brain(More)
PURPOSE The reported rate is up to 10% of shunt disconnection or fracture, either ventriculoperitoneal or subduroperitoneal. However, not all of shunt discontinuity is associated with shunt malfunction. We analyzed the discontinuity of the shunt system and related factors and tried to present a follow-up policy. METHODS This is a retrospective study(More)
For clarifying the pathophysiology of arachnoid cysts and reestablishing therapeutic criteria for such cases, we reviewed a series of 90 cases with arachnoid cysts focusing on the traumatic origin. Arachnoid cysts of congenital origin have been well known. But we suspected that 14 out of 90 patients (15.6%) with arachnoid cyst were closely related to head(More)