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—Interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) is a powerful technique that precisely measures surface deformations at a fine spatial resolution over a large area. However, the accuracy of this technique is sometimes compromised by ionospheric path delays on radar signals, particularly with Land P-band SAR systems. To avoid ionospheric effects from being(More)
This paper presents the categorization and restoration of defective lines developed in pushbroom images. About 100 of the 3000 SPOT 4 SWIR detectors malfunction, which degrades image quality. Conventional methods have difficulties in effectively detecting and restoring defective lines, because they ignore the heterogeneity of the ground surface and the(More)
Multiple-aperture SAR interferometry (MAI) has demonstrated outstanding measurement accuracy of along-track displacement when compared to pixel-offset-tracking methods; however, measuring slow-moving (cm/year) surface displacement remains a challenge. Stacking of multi-temporal observations is a potential approach to reducing noise and increasing(More)