Learn More
A modified Kubelka-Munk model has been utilized to derive useful equations for the analysis of apparent canopy reflectance. Based on the solution to the model simple working equations were formulated by employing reflectance characteristic parameters. The relationships derived show the asymptotic nature of reflectance data that is typically observed in(More)
Three-dimensional (3-D) finite-element thermal-stress models have been developed to predict temperature , distortion, and residual stress in the mold of continuous casters of thin steel slabs, comparing both funnel-shaped and parallel molds. The mold shape and high casting speed leads to higher mold temperatures and shorter mold life than in conventional(More)
The formation of cracks in a funnel mold of thin-slab casting is investigated using metallographic studies and mathematical models. In Part II of this two-part article on thin-slab casting molds, short longitudinal cracks near the meniscus region of a thin-slab funnel mold are studied metallurgically. X-ray analyses revealed the formation of Cu-Zn brass on(More)
Two decades of operating experience have shown that reducing the corner radius from 12–16 mm to 3 or 4 mm A finite element thermal stress model to compute is beneficial in reducing longitudinal corner cracking.4 In the thermomechanical state of the solidifying shell addition to lessening crack frequency, decreasing the corner during continuous casting of(More)
  • 1