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Regioselective glycosylation of flavonoids cannot be easily achieved due to the presence of several hydroxyl groups in flavonoids. This hurdle could be overcome by employing uridine diphosphate-dependent glycosyltransferases (UGTs), which use nucleotide sugars as sugar donors and diverse compounds including flavonoids as sugar acceptors. Quercetin(More)
Flavonoids are plant secondary metabolites containing several hydroxyl groups that are targets for modification reactions such as methylation and glycosylation. In plants, flavonoids are present as glycones. Although glucose is the most common sugar attached to flavonoids, arabinose, galactose, glucuronic acid, rhamnose, and xylose are also linked to(More)
Most flavonoids are glycosylated and the nature of the attached sugar can strongly affect their physiological properties. Although many flavonoid glycosides have been synthesized in Escherichia coli, most of them are glucosylated. In order to synthesize flavonoids attached to alternate sugars such as glucuronic acid and galactoside, E. coli was genetically(More)
Two bioactive O-methylflavonoids, sakuranetin (7-O-methylnaringenin) and ponciretin (7-O-methylnaringenin), were synthesized in Escherichia coli. Sakuranetin inhibits germination of Magnaporthe grisea, and ponciretin is a potential inhibitor of Helicobacter pylori. To achieve this, we reconstructed the naringenin biosynthesis pathway in E. coli. First, the(More)
Flavonoids are predominantly found as glycosides in plants. The glycosylation of flavonoids is mediated by uridine diphosphate-dependent glycosyltransferases (UGT). UGTs attach various sugars, including arabinose, glucose, galactose, xylose, and glucuronic acid, to flavonoid aglycones. Two UGTs isolated from Arabidopsis thaliana, AtUGT78D2 and AtUGT78D3,(More)
Biotransformation of flavonoids using Escherichia coli harboring nucleotide sugar-dependent uridine diphosphate-dependent glycosyltransferases (UGTs) commonly results in the production of a glucose conjugate because most UGTs are specific for UDP-glucose. The Arabidopsis enzyme AtUGT78D2 prefers UDP-glucose as a sugar donor and quercetin as a sugar(More)
BACKGROUND Hydroxycinnamates (HCs) are mainly produced in plants. Caffeic acid (CA), p-coumaric acid (PA), ferulic acid (FA) and sinapic acid (SA) are members of the HC family. The consumption of HC by human might prevent cardiovascular disease and some types of cancer. The solubility of HCs is increased through thioester conjugation to various compounds(More)
Flavonoids are ubiquitous phenolic compounds and at least 9,000 have been isolated from plants. Most flavonoids have been isolated and assessed in terms of their biological activities. Microorganisms such as Escherichia coli and Saccharomyces cerevisiae are efficient systems for the synthesis of flavonoids. Kaempferol 3-O-rhamnoside has notable biological(More)
Various flavonoid glycosides are found in nature, and their biological activities are as variable as their number. In some cases, the sugar moiety attached to the flavonoid modulates its biological activities. Flavonoid glycones are not easily synthesized chemically. Therefore, in this study, we attempted to synthesize quercetin 3-O-glucosyl (1→2) xyloside(More)
BACKGROUND Coumarins are a major group of plant secondary metabolites that serves as defense compounds against pathogens. Although coumarins can be obtained from diverse plant sources, the use of microorganisms to synthesize them could be an alternative way to supply building blocks for the synthesis of diverse coumarin derivatives. RESULTS Constructs(More)