Joong Chul Choe

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We examined the foraging behavior of the Korean yellowjacket, Vespula koreensis, to determine whether this species displays temporal polyethism. Using video-recordings of the entrances of artificial nest boxes installed in the field, we investigated the association between the tasks performed by workers and age. We identified three foraging tasks (pulp,(More)
In a previous study (J. Mass Spectrom. 48, 299-305, 2013), we observed that the abundance of each ion in a matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) spectrum looked thermally determined. To find out the explanation for the phenomenon, we estimated the ionization efficiency and the reaction quotient (QA) for the autoprotolysis of matrix, M + M → [M(More)
Charge exchange technique has been used to detect the presence of long-lived excited electronic states of some monosubstituted ethene cations. The technique is based on the criterion that charge exchange between polyatomic species is efficient only when the energy of reaction is close to zero or negative (DeltaE < or = 0), or the exoergicity rule. The A2A'(More)
Charge exchange technique has been used to detect the presence of long-lived excited electronic states of trans-, cis-, and 1,1-C(2)H(2)Cl(2)(+.). The B states of the three cations which are formed by removal of an electron from an in-plane chlorine nonbonding orbital of the corresponding neutrals have been found to have long lifetimes (tens of microseconds(More)
The unimolecular dissociation of isopropyl chloride cation has been investigated using mass-analyzed ion kinetic energy spectrometry. The C3H6*+ ion was the only product ion in the metastable dissociation. The kinetic energy release distribution for the HCl loss was determined. Ab initio molecular orbital calculations were performed at the MP2/6-311++G(d,p)(More)
We explored the potential energy surfaces for adenine synthesis by oligomerizations of HCN or HNC from CBS-QB3 calculations. The pathways have been obtained for the formation of the covalently bound HCN dimer, trimer, tetramer, and pentamer (adenine) by sequential additions of HCN or HNC. The activation energies of the individual oligomerization stages are(More)
The potential energy surface (PES) for the formation of tropylium and benzylium ions from toluene cation (1) has been explored theoretically. Quantum chemical calculations at the B3LYP/6-311++G and G3//B3LYP levels were performed. A pathway to form o-isotoluene (5-methylene-1,3-cyclohexadiene) cation (5) from 1 was found. The isomerization occurs by two(More)
A technique to investigate photodissociation kinetics on a nanosecond time scale has been devised for molecular ions generated by multiphoton ionization (MPI) using mass-analyzed ion kinetic energy spectrometry. The branching ratio or rate constant has been determined for the photodissociation of the nbutylbenzene, bromobenzene, iodobenzene, and aniline(More)
Charge exchange ionization in collision cells installed in a double focusing mass spectrometer with reversed geometry has been used to detect the presence of a long-lived excited electronic state of benzene ion. In particular, the first collision cell located between the ion source and the magnetic sector was modified to serve as an ion source for the(More)