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BACKGROUND Delamanid (OPC-67683), a nitro-dihydro-imidazooxazole derivative, is a new antituberculosis medication that inhibits mycolic acid synthesis and has shown potent in vitro and in vivo activity against drug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. METHODS In this randomized, placebo-controlled, multinational clinical trial, we assigned 481(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of erlotinib in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who experienced disease progression after treatment with gefitinib. PATIENTS AND METHODS The study included stage IIIB/IV recurrent or metastatic NSCLC patients who received two or three prior chemotherapy(More)
BACKGROUND Adenosquamous carcinoma of the lung is composed of adenocarcinomatous and squamous cell carcinomatous components. The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations occur mostly in adenocarcinomas and rarely in squamous cell carcinoma of lung. Attempts to investigate the EGFR mutation status in each component of adenosquamous carcinoma and to(More)
Herpes simplex virus establishes a latent infection in peripheral neurons. We examined viral gene expression in rat peripheral neurons in vitro and determined that viral gene expression is attenuated and delayed in these neurons compared with that in Vero cells. In addition, using pharmacologic and genetic blocks to viral DNA synthesis, we found that viral(More)
Primary thyroid cancers including papillary, follicular, poorly differentiated, and anaplastic carcinomas show substantial differences in biological and clinical behaviors. Even in the same pathological type, there is wide variability in the clinical course of disease progression. The molecular carcinogenesis of thyroid cancer has advanced tremendously in(More)
PURPOSE Endobronchial metastasis is defined as documented extrathoracic malignancies metastatic to the endobronchus within a bronchoscopically visible range. Although the clinical and radiologic findings of endobronchial metastasis are similar to primary lung cancer, treatment and prognosis may be different. We hereby investigated the clinical, radiologic(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of belotecan in combination with cisplatin in patients with previously non-treated extensive stage small cell lung cancer. A total of 42 patients were enrolled and treated with combination of belotecan 0.5mg/m2 on daily basis throughout day 1-4 and cisplatin 60 mg/m2 on day 1 of a 3-week(More)
OBJECTIVES Fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1) plays a critical role in many human cancers. We tried to identify the frequency of FGFR1 amplifications among Korean patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC). Additionally, we examined the clinical significance of FGFR1 amplifications for overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS)(More)
Dysregulation of Wnt/beta-catenin pathway plays a central role in early events in colorectal carcinogenesis. We examined the effect of quercetin, a famous anti-tumor agent, against beta-catenin/Tcf signaling in SW480 cells. Quercetin inhibited the transcriptional activity of beta-catenin/Tcf in SW480 and also in HEK293 cells transiently transfected with(More)
Osteopontin (OPN) plays important roles in tumor progression and metastasis through binding to OPN receptors such as alpha(v)beta(beta) integrin and CD44, and its overexpression in tumor is associated poor clinical outcome of NSCLC patients. Circulating OPN levels, measured by ELISA in 130 NSCLC cases that had not been treated for cancer at the time of(More)