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The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) kinase inhibitors gefitinib and erlotinib are effective treatments for lung cancers with EGFR activating mutations, but these tumors invariably develop drug resistance. Here, we describe a gefitinib-sensitive lung cancer cell line that developed resistance to gefitinib as a result of focal amplification of the MET(More)
BACKGROUND Gastric cancer is one of the leading cancer types in incidence and mortality, especially in Asia. In order to improve survival, identification of a catalogue of molecular alterations underlying gastric cancer is a critical step for developing and designing genome-directed therapies. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS The Center for Cancer Genome(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with increased risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). We hypothesized that inadequate angiogenic response in uremic patients could result from dysfunction of bone marrow-derived stromal cells [mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs)]. METHODS We investigated whether MSCs are functionally competent in uremia(More)
BACKGROUND Prognosis and optimal treatment strategies of liposarcoma have not been fully defined. The purpose of this study is to define the distinctive clinical features of liposarcomas by assessing prognostic factors. METHODS Between January 1995 and May 2008, 94 liposarcoma patients who underwent surgical resection with curative intent were reviewed.(More)
Despite the benefits from adjuvant chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy, approximately one-third of stage II gastric cancer (GC) patients developed recurrences. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a prognostic algorithm for gastric cancer (GCPS) that can robustly identify high-risk group for recurrence among stage II patients. A multi-step gene(More)
BACKGROUND In this study, we established patient-derived tumor cell (PDC) models using tissues collected from patients with metastatic cancer and assessed whether these models could be used as a tool for genome-based cancer treatment. METHODS PDCs were isolated and cultured from malignant effusions including ascites and pleural fluid. Pathological(More)
Although gastric cancer is quite common in Korea, the treatment outcome is relatively favorable compared to those in western countries. However, there are currently no Korean multidisciplinary guidelines for gastric cancer. Experts from related societies developed guidelines de novo to meet Korean circumstances and requirements, including 23 recommendation(More)
PURPOSE There are no reliable prognostic markers that identify gastric cancer patients who may benefit from adjuvant chemoradiation therapy. E2F-1 was shown to be associated with radiosensitivity and chemosensitivity in certain tumor types. Therefore, we analyzed expression and prognostic significance of E2F-1 along with thymidylate synthase (TS) in(More)
BACKGROUND Because treatment of advanced gastric cancer (AGC) patients after failure with first-line chemotherapy remains controversial, we performed this retrospective analysis based on the data obtained from 1455 patients registered in a first-line treatment cohort with respect to receiving or not receiving subsequent chemotherapy. METHODS The decision(More)
Recently, MET exon 14 deletion (METex14del) has been postulated to be one potential mechanism for MET protein overexpression. We screened for the presence of METex14del transcript by multiplexed fusion transcript analysis using nCounter assay followed by confirmation with quantitative reverse transcription PCR with correlation to MET protein expression by(More)