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The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) kinase inhibitors gefitinib and erlotinib are effective treatments for lung cancers with EGFR activating mutations, but these tumors invariably develop drug resistance. Here, we describe a gefitinib-sensitive lung cancer cell line that developed resistance to gefitinib as a result of focal amplification of the MET(More)
PURPOSE When designing this trial, there was no evidence that salvage chemotherapy (SLC) in advanced gastric cancer (AGC) resulted in substantial prolongation of survival when compared with best supportive care (BSC). However, SLC is often offered to pretreated patients with AGC for anecdotal reasons. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with AGC with one or two(More)
PURPOSE The ARTIST (Adjuvant Chemoradiation Therapy in Stomach Cancer) trial was the first study to our knowledge to investigate the role of postoperative chemoradiotherapy therapy in patients with curatively resected gastric cancer with D2 lymph node dissection. This trial was designed to compare postoperative treatment with capecitabine plus cisplatin(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with advanced gastric cancer have a poor prognosis and few efficacious treatment options. We aimed to assess the addition of cetuximab to capecitabine-cisplatin chemotherapy in patients with advanced gastric or gastro-oesophageal junction cancer. METHODS In our open-label, randomised phase 3 trial (EXPAND), we enrolled adults aged 18(More)
The purpose of this study was to define distinctive clinical features of "nasal" and "nasal-type" NK/T cell lymphomas by assessing prognostic factors. The anatomic definition of extranasal NK/T cell lymphoma has been vague resulting in variable definitions of extranasal sites by different groups. We analysed the clinical behavior of 90 NK/T cell lymphoma(More)
Identification of critical genes which play pivotal roles in controlling tumor growth and survival will establish the basis for developing therapeutic targets. With the aim of establishing personalized medicine for treatment of solid tumors, we focused on MET amplification in gastric cancer patients, given the extreme sensitivity to c-Met inhibitor in MET(More)
BACKGROUND Combination chemotherapy with gemcitabine and a platinum-based agent is regarded as a standard treatment for patients with advanced biliary-tract cancer. Results of phase 2 trials of single-agent erlotinib in biliary-tract cancer and of gemcitabine plus erlotinib in pancreatic cancer have shown modest benefits. Therefore, we aimed to investigate(More)
The establishment of better selection criteria for identifying sub-populations that may benefit from treatment is a key aspect of the development and success of targeted therapy. To investigate methods for assessing MET overexpression in gastric cancer, we conducted immunohistochemistry using a new anti-Total MET monoclonal antibody in a single-institution(More)
Gastric cancer (GC) is the second most common cause of cancer-related deaths. It is known to be a heterogeneous disease with several molecular and histological subtypes. Here we perform whole-genome sequencing of 49 GCs with diffuse (N=31) and intestinal (N=18) histological subtypes and identify three mutational signatures, impacting TpT, CpG and TpCp[A/T](More)
PURPOSE The role of adjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in D2-resected gastric-cancer patients has not been defined yet. We investigated the effect of postoperative chemoradiotherapy on the relapse rate and survival rate of patients with D2-resected gastric cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS From August 1995 to April 2001, 544 patients received postoperative CRT(More)