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In vivo, neurons of the cerebral cortex of rat embryos did not stain with antibodies to the catecholamine (CA) biosynthetic enzyme tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) even when examined using a highly sensitive technique for radioimmunocytochemistry. However, when embryonic day (E) 13 cortex was grown 1 d in culture, several thousand cells expressed immunoreactive(More)
We have previously reported that cells transiently expressing tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), the first enzyme of the catecholamine biosynthetic pathway, are present in the pancreas of mouse embryos from prenatal Day 11 (E11) and that, at E12, some TH cells contain glucagon. Cells containing TH were also found in adults which, unlike the TH cells of embryos, did(More)
The islet cells of the mammalian pancreas are comprised of four different endocrine cell types, each containing a specific hormone. Islet cells also contain two enzymes of the catecholamine biosynthetic pathway : tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC). The cell lineage relationships of these different cell types have not(More)
The pancreatic islets of mouse embryos are comprised of four different endocrine cell types and of cells containing a hormone (i.e., glucagon) and a catecholamine enzyme (tyrosine hydroxylase, TH) which appear sequentially during development in vivo. The presence of TH in glucagon cells, however, is transient, since adult pancreatic A cells do not express(More)
The discovery, in vitro and in vivo studies of the highly potent AT(1) antagonist 12a (BR-A-657, Fimasartan) antagonists are presented. A series of pyrimidin-4(3H)-one derivatives as losartan analogue were synthesized and evaluated for a novel class of AT(1) receptor antagonists. Among them, 12a containing thioamido moiety displayed both high in vitro(More)
Lymphocyte activation results in a rapid reorganization of the cytoskeletal protein spectrin. Immediately following an activation signal, there is fragmentation of a spectrin-rich cytoplasmic structure and subsequent translocation of the fragments to defined areas of the plasma membrane in both antigen-specific T cell hybridomas and lymph node T cells.(More)
The distribution of vimentin and spectrin in lymphocytes within murine lymphoid tissues was studied by means of immunofluorescence. A polarized submembranous aggregate of intermediate filaments was observed to be characteristic of lymphocytes within the medulla of the thymus as well as in lymphocytes within specific areas of spleen and lymph-node. This(More)
Previously, we have found that BRN-103, a nicotinamide derivative, inhibits vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-mediated angiogenesis signaling in human endothelial cells. During our continuous efforts to identify more potent anti-angiogenic agents, we synthesized various nicotinamide derivatives and evaluated their anti-angiogenic effects. We found(More)
Anti-angiogenesis is regarded as an effective strategy for cancer treatment, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a key role in the regulations of angiogenesis and vasculogenesis. In the present study, the authors synthesized five novel nicotinamide derivatives which structurally mimic the receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor sunitinib and(More)
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