Joon-Hyoung Cho

Learn More
Chlorpyrifos-methyl (CPM) suppressed androgenic activity in Hershberger assay using castrated rats. Acute oral lowest-observed-adverse-effect-level (LOAEL) and no-observed-adverse-effect-level (NOAEL) was evaluated as 12 and 0.1 mg/kg bw, respectively, based on its major effect of cholinesterase inhibition. Also, repeated oral NOAEL was 0.1 mg/kg bw/day(More)
Trace levels of veterinary antibiotics that reside in livestock products may disturb the balance of human intestinal microbiota and impair the colonized barrier function, which is critical to protect against the invasion or overgrowth of exogenous pathogens. We investigated the colonization barrier disruption effect of ciprofloxacin, flavomycin, olaquindox(More)
Butylated hydroxyanisol (BHA) is a widely used antioxidant for long preservation of food products, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals. Although BHA is generally recognized as safe, it is classified as a suspected endocrine-disrupting compound. We investigated the effects of BHA on reproductive function and development by the treatment of mature male and female(More)
This study aimed to discover potential biomarkers for dioxynivalenol (DON) intoxication. B6C3F1 male mice were orally exposed to 0.83, 2.5 and 7.5 mg/kg body weight (bw) DON for 8 days and the differential protein expressions in their blood plasma were determined by SELDI - Time-of-Flight/Mass Spectrometry (TOF/MS) and the immunoglobulins (Igs) G, A, M and(More)
Embryonic stem cell testing is an alternative model system to assess drug and chemical toxicities because of its similar developmental characteristics with in vivo embryogenesis and organogenesis. This study evaluated the toxicity of chemicals at specific developmental stages of mouse embryonic stem cell (ESC)-derived hepatic differentiation; hepatic(More)
The murine local lymph node assay (LLNA) has been extensively utilized to evaluate sensitizing chemicals. However, there have been some concerns that its use to discriminate between classes of chemicals is minimal. It is thus desirable to identify better or alternative immune endpoints with in LLNA itself. Here, we evaluated the protein and/or mRNA levels(More)
The methanol extract from the leaves of Petasites japonicus Maxim (PJ) was studied for its (anti-)mutagenic effect with the SOS chromotest and reverse mutation assay. The (anti-)carcinogenic effects were evaluated by the cytotoxicity on human cancer line cells and by the function and the expression of gap junctions in rat liver epithelial cell. PJ extracts(More)
It is often difficult to discriminate between chemically induced skin irritation and sensitization due to their similar clinical, pathological, and immunological responses. More information than that currently available from local lymph node assays (LLNAs), such as data from gene expression and pathway analysis, can provide more insightful data than the(More)
There has been some concern that certain non-sensitizing irritants may yield false positive results in the murine local lymph node assay (LLNA). This study compared gene expression profiles in lymph nodes draining skin following exposure to sensitizers and irritants, to identify gene transcripts that could distinguish sensitizers from irritants. After(More)
Porphyrin profiles in excreta or blood have been useful biomarkers for monitoring exposure of hazardous xenobiotics to human or animals. We evaluated and compared the changes in urinary and blood copro-, uro-, and protoporphyrins during and after the exposure of Aroclor1254 (PCBs), lead (Pb) or diazinon to rats. PCBs (10, 50 and 100 mg/kg bw), Pb (62.5, 250(More)