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Excessive sodium gain is a major hindrance of sodium profiling hemodialysis (HD) that offsets the benefit in reducing intradialytic hypotension-related discomforts (IHD). Patients who showed frequent IHD (>30% of the sessions; n = 11) were enrolled in a prospective study that consisted of two phases. In the phase 1 study, eight treatment modalities were(More)
OBJECTIVE Septic shock has a clinical mortality rate approaching fifty percent. The major clinical manifestations of sepsis are due to the dysregulation of the host's response to infection rather than the direct consequences of the invading pathogen. Central to this initial immunologic response is the activation of leukocytes and microvascular endothelium(More)
This paper proposes new memory interface architecture to overcome huge SDRAM bandwidth requirements of video decoders. To improve the memory efficiency, tile based memory access method and pixel cache are adopted. In addition to large data transfer cycle, extra overhead cycles takes great part of the heavy memory bandwidth requirement. The overhead cycles(More)
BACKGROUND Insulin resistance (IR) is prevalent in uraemia. Recent experimental studies suggested IR to be a central mechanism for uraemic malnutrition. However, it is not known whether IR is related to muscle wasting in non-diabetic end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. METHODS We cross-sectionally assessed IR and muscle wasting in 21 non-diabetic(More)
Protein-calorie malnutrition is prevalent in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The prevalence of obesity in healthy Korean adults has increased rapidly during the last 10 years. However, there are few large scale data collections available about the current weight status of Korean HD patients. The weight statuses of 10,304 HD patients (data from the Insan(More)
Pseudomonas stutzeri is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped, motile, single polar-flagellated, soil bacterium that was first isolated from human spinal fluid and is widely distributed in the environment. It was isolated as an uncommon opportunistic pathogen from humans, and a few cases of P. stutzeri-induced peritonitis have been reported in patients undergoing(More)
BACKGROUND The relationship between abdominal obesity (AO) and mortality in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients is controversial. METHODS The prevalence of AO in 84 PD patients was assessed in a cross-section manner and followed up for 9 years at a single center. AO was defined as a waist circumference (WC) of more than 90 cm in males or more than 80 cm in(More)