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Virtual reality (VR) is not commonly used in clinical rehabilitation, and commercial VR gaming systems may have mixed effects in patients with stroke. Therefore, we developed RehabMaster™, a task-specific interactive game-based VR system for post-stroke rehabilitation of the upper extremities, and assessed its usability and clinical efficacy. A(More)
The hand, one of the most versatile but mechanically redundant parts of the human body, must overcome imperfect motor commands and inherent noise in both the sensory and motor systems in order to produce desired motor actions. For example, it is nearly impossible to produce a perfectly consistent note during a single violin stroke or to produce the exact(More)
Virtual reality (VR)-based rehabilitation has been reported to have beneficial effects on upper extremity function in stroke survivors; however, there is limited information about its effects on distal upper extremity function and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of VR-based rehabilitation(More)
In therapeutic rehabilitation devices, different types of feedback are provided to improve the outcome of the rehabilitation process. Lower limb robotic exoskeleton devices for overground gait rehabilitation have difficulties providing subjects certain types of feedback, such as visual feedback, because of the restriction of the visual display installation(More)
Paroxysmal autonomic instability with dystonia (PAID) is a rare complication of brain injury. Symptoms of PAID include diaphoresis, hyperthermia, hypertension, tachycardia, and tachypnea accompanied by hypertonic movement. Herein, we present the case of a 44-year-old female patient, who was diagnosed with paraneoplastic limbic encephalopathy caused by(More)
In the present study, we aimed to determine whether game-based virtual reality (VR) rehabilitation, combined with occupational therapy (OT), could improve health-related quality of life, depression, and upper extremity function. We recruited 35 patients with chronic hemiparetic stroke, and these participants were randomized into groups that underwent VR(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate and compare radiation exposure and intervention time during lumbar epidural steroid injection (ESI) 1) under different practitioners and methods with continuous fluoroscopic monitoring, and 2) under one practitioner with different methods and monitoring. MATERIALS AND METHODS We consecutively recruited 804 patients who underwent(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The early cognitive continuum has been emphasized recently. We sought to characterize the functional and physical aspects of the cognitive continuum in subjects with no cognitive impairment (NCI), subjective cognitive impairment (SCI), nonamnestic (NA-MCI), and amnestic mild cognitive impairment (A-MCI). Furthermore, we identified the(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore motor performance on 2 different cognitive tasks during robotic rehabilitation in which motor performance was longitudinally assessed. DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING Rehabilitation hospital. PARTICIPANTS Patients (N=22) with chronic stroke and upper extremity impairment. INTERVENTION A total of 640 repetitions of(More)
AIMS Few studies have depicted urological disturbances among patients with chronic brainstem stroke, and little is known about the exact location of the micturition center or its role in humans. The aim of the present study was to retrospectively investigate urological disturbances and their neuroanatomical correlates among consecutively admitted patients(More)