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In our previous studies, taurocholic acid (TA)-conjugated low-molecular-weight heparin derivative (LHT7) has been proven to be a potent anti-angiogenic agent by demonstrated successful blockage capability of vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGF). Preliminary safety evaluations were conducted based on its mechanism of action and chemical behavior. For(More)
The chemical conjugate of low molecular weight heparin with taurocholate (LHT7) was previously designed to offer anticancer activity while minimizing the anticoagulant activity. In the present study, we found that the systemic administration of LHT7 in nanolipoplex could substantially enhance tumor vasculature targeting and anticancer effects. Moreover, we(More)
Targeting multiple stages in metastatic breast cancer is one of the effective ways to inhibit metastatic progression. To target human metastatic breast cancer as well as improving patient compliance, we developed an orally active low molecular weight heparin (LMWH)-taurocholate conjugated with tetrameric deoxycholic acid, namely LHTD4, which followed by(More)
Heparin, a potent anticoagulant used for the prevention of venous thromboembolism, has been recognized as a tumor angiogenesis inhibitor. Its limitation in clinical application for cancer therapy, however, arises from its strong anticoagulant activity, which causes associated adverse effects. In this study, we show the structural correlation of LHT7, a(More)
Intestinal transporters are limited to the transport of small molecular substrates. Here, we describe the development of apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter (ASBT)-targeted high-affinity oligomeric bile acid substrates that mediate the transmembrane transport of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH). Several oligomers of deoxycholic acid (oligoDOCA)(More)
Apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporters (ASBT) are the intestinal transporters that form intermediate complexes with substrates and its conformational change drives the movement of substrates across the cell membrane. However, membrane-based intestinal transporters are confined to the transport of only small molecular substrates. Here, we propose a(More)
LMWH-taurocholate derivative (LHT7) has been reported as a novel angiogenesis inhibitor, due to its ability to bind to several kinds of growth factors, which play critical roles in tumor angiogenesis. In this study, we have highlighted the enhanced antiangiogenic activity of LHT7, by using cyclic RGDyk (cRGD), a targeting moiety that was chemically(More)
Controlled and site-specific regulation of growth factor signaling remains a major challenge for current antiangiogenic therapies, as these antiangiogenic agents target normal vasculature as well tumor vasculature. In this article, we identified the prion-like protein doppel as a potential therapeutic target for tumor angiogenesis. We investigated the(More)
Regulation of cholesterol and bile acid homeostasis has been attracting attention as a pharmaceutical target for the treatment of diseases, such as hypercholesterolaemia and type 2 diabetes. In recent years, small bile acid analogues have been developed for the purpose of apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter (ASBT) inhibition. Here, we designed a(More)
Clinical studies have found that the incidence of cancer metastasis through the lymphatic vessels are 3-5 times higher than that through the blood vessels. These findings suggest the potency of anti-lymphangiogenic therapy in reducing the incidence of cancer metastasis. Previously, we reported LHbisD4, which is the conjugate of low molecular weight heparin(More)