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Quantitative ultrasound of the heel captures heel bone properties that independently predict fracture risk and, with bone mineral density (BMD) assessed by X-ray (DXA), may be convenient alternatives for evaluating osteoporosis and fracture risk. We performed a meta-analysis of genome-wide association (GWA) studies to assess the genetic determinants of heel(More)
To identify the genetic bases for nine metabolic traits, we conducted a meta-analysis combining Korean genome-wide association results from the KARE project (n = 8,842) and the HEXA shared control study (n = 3,703). We verified the associations of the loci selected from the discovery meta-analysis in the replication stage (30,395 individuals from the(More)
Recent genetic association studies have identified 55 genetic loci associated with obesity or body mass index (BMI). The vast majority, 51 loci, however, were identified in European-ancestry populations. We conducted a meta-analysis of associations between BMI and ∼2.5 million genotyped or imputed single nucleotide polymorphisms among 86 757 individuals of(More)
We carried out a trans-ancestry genome-wide association and replication study of blood pressure phenotypes among up to 320,251 individuals of East Asian, European and South Asian ancestry. We find genetic variants at 12 new loci to be associated with blood pressure (P = 3.9 × 10(-11) to 5.0 × 10(-21)). The sentinel blood pressure SNPs are enriched for(More)
Osteoporosis is characterized by impaired osteoblastogenesis. Bone mineral density (BMD) is a major determinant of bone strength. RUNX2 is an osteoblast-specific transcription factor involved in osteoblast differentiation and ossification. To determine whether RUNX2 is associated with BMD in an ethnically distinct population, we investigated SNPs within the(More)
Genetic risk factors for hypertension may have age or gender specificity and pleiotropic effects. This study aims to measure the risk of genetic and non-genetic factors in the occurrence of hypertension and related diseases, with consideration of potential confounding factors and age-gender stratification. A discovery set of 352,228 genotyped plus 1.8(More)
Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) has been recognized as an important indicator for the overall glycemic state preceding the onset of metabolic diseases. So far, most indentified genome-wide association loci for FPG were derived from populations with European ancestry, with a few exceptions. To extend a thorough catalog for FPG loci, we conducted meta-analyses(More)
INTRODUCTION Endogenous glucocorticoid (GC) may participate in bone physiology, even in subjects with no glucocorticoid excess. 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (HSD11B1) is a primary regulator catalyzing the reduction of inactive cortisone to active cortisol. To elucidate genetic relevance of HSD11B1 variants to vertebral fracture and(More)
Glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) is used as a measure of glycemic control and also as a diagnostic criterion for diabetes. To discover novel loci harboring common variants associated with HbA1c in East Asians, we conducted a meta-analysis of 13 genome-wide association studies (GWAS; N = 21,026). We replicated our findings in three additional studies(More)
Competition for cellular iron (Fe) is a vital component of the interaction between host and pathogen. Most bacteria have an obligate requirement for Fe to sustain infection, growth, and survival in host. To obtain iron required for growth, many bacteria secrete iron chelators (siderophores). This study was undertaken to test whether a bacterial siderophore,(More)