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The current study examines consumers'perceptions of the intrusiveness of advertisements. A scale is deuel-oped to tap an underlying construct that has not previously been measured. Following traditional methods of scale development, the study uses expert-generated adjective lists, expands possible measures using a thesaurus , and finally reduces the number(More)
This paper explores forced viewing of 'bop-up ads" on the Internet to understand better how viewers come to define ads as irritating and decide to avoid them. Perceived intrusiveness was suggested as the underlying mechanism by which the process occurs. Antecedents of intrusiveness wwe identified that affect perceptions of ads as interruptions, including(More)
The tumour suppressor gene RASSF1A is frequently silenced in lung cancer and other sporadic tumours as a result of hypermethylation of a CpG island in its promoter. However, the precise mechanism by which RASSF1A functions in cell cycle regulation and tumour suppression has remained unknown. Here we show that RASSF1A regulates the stability of mitotic(More)
Pharmacokinetic parameters of theophylline and one of its metabolites, 1,3-dimethyluric acid (1,3-DMU), were compared after intravenous and oral administration of aminophylline, 5mg/kg as theophylline, to diabetes mellitus rats induced by alloxan (DMIA) or streptozotocin (DMIS), and their respective control rats. In DMIA and DMIS rats, expression of CYP1A2(More)
After intravenous and oral administration of clarithromycin at a dose of 20 mg/kg of body weight to rats with diabetes mellitus induced by alloxan (DMIA) and diabetes mellitus induced by streptozotocin (DMIS), the area under the curve values were significantly smaller than those of respective control rats. The in vitro intrinsic clearance values for the(More)
The types of hepatic cytochrome P450 (CYP) isozymes responsible for the metabolism of theophylline and for the formation of 1,3-dimethyluric acid (1,3-DMU) in rats in-vivo does not seem to have been studied at the dose ranges of dose-independent metabolic disposition of theophylline in rats (up to 10 mg kg(-1)). Therefore, theophylline (5 mg kg(-1)) was(More)
OBJECTIVES The Xq28 region containing IRAK1 and MECP2 has been identified as a risk locus for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in previous genetic association studies. However, due to the strong linkage disequilibrium between IRAK1 and MECP2, it remains unclear which gene is affected by the underlying causal variant(s) conferring risk of SLE. METHODS We(More)
Mammalian sterile 20-like kinase 1 (Mst1) is activated by both caspase-mediated cleavage and phosphorylation in response to apoptotic stimuli, including Fas ligation. Here, we examined the possible role of the tumor suppressor RASSF1A in Mst1 activation and Mst1-mediated apoptosis induced by death receptor signaling. Immunoprecipitation and(More)
Renal organic anion transport systems play an important role in the excretion of anionic drugs and toxic compounds. Probenecid has been used as a potent inhibitor of urinary and biliary excretion of anionic compounds mediated by transporters such as organic anion transporters and multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (Mrp2). The purpose of this study(More)
OBJECTIVES In rats with diabetes mellitus induced by alloxan (DMIA) or streptozocin (DMIS), changes in the cytochrome P450 (CYP) isozymes in the liver, lung, kidney, intestine, brain, and testis have been reported based on Western blot analysis, Northern blot analysis, and various enzyme activities. Changes in phase II enzyme activities have been reported(More)