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Human periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) from extracted third molar teeth are a type of adult stem cell originating from dental tissue. PDLSCs are known to have a self-renewal capacity and multi-lineage differentiation potential. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), an angiogenic/vasculogenic factor, has been shown to stimulate endothelial cell(More)
Patulin, 4-hydroxy-4H-furo[3,2c]pyran-2(6H)-one, is one of the best characterized and most widely disseminated mycotoxins found in agricultural products. Nonetheless, the mechanisms by which patulin causes toxicity are not well understood. Thus, the cytotoxicity of patulin was characterized by analysis of the yeast transcriptome upon challenge with patulin.(More)
Here we characterized a rice (Oryza sativa L.) blast lesion mimic (blm) mutant, identified previously in an N-methyl-N-nitrosourea-mutagenized population of the cultivar Hwacheong (wild type). The rice blm displayed spontaneous necrotic lesion formation on the leaves during development under long-day condition and temperature shift from 28 to 24 degrees C(More)
This paper presents an exhaustive method to characterize the interconnect capacitances with taking the floating dummy-tills into account. Results of the case study with typical floating dummy-fills show that the inter-layer capacitances are also an important factor in the electrical consideration for the dummy-fills. An efficient field solving algorithm is(More)
PURPOSE Although the laser has become one of the most commonly used tools for implant dentistry, research is lacking on whether or not the laser causes any changes on the surface of titanium (Ti) implants. The present study analyzed the morphology, composition, crystal structure, and surface roughness changes of machined and anodized Ti surfaces, irradiated(More)
PURPOSE Implant stability quotient (ISQ) values have been supposed to predict implant stability. However, the relationship between ISQ values and bone-to-implant contact ratio (BIC%) which is one of the predictors of implant stability is still unclear. The aim of the present study was to evaluate initial ISQ values in relation to BIC% using rabbit model. (More)
A fast, sensitive, high performance liquid chromatographic method was developed for the quantitation of cholesterol and four of its major oxidation products: 3β-hydroxycholest-5-en-7-one (7-ketocholesterol), cholest-5-ene-3β, 7α-diol (7α-hydroxycholesterol), cholest-5-ene-3β,7β-diol (7β-hydroxycholesterol), and cholest-5-ene-3β,25-diol(More)
To increase expression of lycopene synthetic genes crtE, crtB, crtI, and ipiHP1, the four exogenous genes were cloned into a high copy pTrc99A vector with a strong trc promoter. Recombinant Escherichia coli harboring pT-LYCm4 produced 17 mg/L of lycopene. The mevalonate lower pathway, composed of mvaK1, mvaK2, mvaD, and idi, was engineered to produce(More)
This study examined the effect of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) that were supplemented with vitamin E on lipid peroxidation, glutathione-dependent detoxifying enzyme system activity, and lipogenic fatty acid synthase (FAS) expression in rat liver. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed semipurified diets containing either 1% (w/w) corn oil or 10%(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to investigate the neurogenic differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs), periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs), and stem cells from apical papilla (SCAP). MATERIALS AND METHODS After induction of neurogenic differentiation using commercial differentiation medium, expression levels of neural(More)