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Biallelic protein-truncating mutations in the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene are prevalent in sporadic colorectal cancer (CRC). Mutations may not be fully inactivating, instead producing WNT/β-catenin signalling levels 'just-right' for tumourigenesis. However, the spectrum of optimal APC genotypes accounting for both hits, and the influence of(More)
The CpG-island methylator phenotype (CIMP+) in colorectal cancer (CRC) is characterised by frequent hypermethylation of promoter regions in tumour suppressor genes. Low level methylation of some CpG islands is also seen in the normal colonic mucosa and increases with age; however, it is still unclear what other factors regulate this phenomenon. The first(More)
Immunophenotyping by flow cytometry is widely used in the diagnosis and subclassification of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). CD14 is the monocyte-associated antigen most widely used to identify AML with monocytic differentiation (French-American-British classes M4 and M5); however, we observed that CD14 expression is frequently diminished or absent in such(More)
Xenotransplantation requires monitoring of complex cellular interactions in vitro. A tool to monitor cell proliferation in detail would be instrumental in understanding these cellular interactions in heterogeneous xenogeneic lymphocyte cultures and in patients after xenotransplantation. To accomplish this, we used a fluorescent cell proliferation marker,(More)
Prostate cancer is a major cause of male cancer death. In vitro and in vivo data support a role for 1 alpha,25 Dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1 alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3)) in regulating the growth and differentiation of the normal prostate gland yet prostate cancer cells appear significantly less sensitive to this action. Vitamin D(3) receptor (VDR) content or mutational(More)
We hypothesized that oxidative stress from hyperbaric oxygen (HBO(2), 2.8 ATA for 90 min daily) exerts a trophic effect on vasculogenic stem cells. In a mouse model, circulating stem/progenitor cell (SPC) recruitment and differentiation in subcutaneous Matrigel were stimulated by HBO(2) and by a physiological oxidative stressor, lactate. In combination,(More)
The CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP+) in colorectal cancer (CRC) is defined as concomitant and frequent hypermethylation of CpG islands within gene promoter regions. We previously demonstrated that CIMP+ was associated with elevated concentrations of folate intermediates in tumour tissues. In the present study, we investigated whether CIMP+ was(More)
Cell surface proteins are excellent targets for diagnostic and therapeutic interventions. By using bioinformatics tools, we generated a catalog of 3,702 transmembrane proteins located at the surface of human cells (human cell surfaceome). We explored the genetic diversity of the human cell surfaceome at different levels, including the distribution of(More)
Abrupt cessation of flow representing the acute loss of shear stress (simulated ischemia) to flow-adapted pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVEC) leads to reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation that signals for EC proliferation. We evaluated the role of caveolin-1 on this cellular response with mouse PMVEC that were preconditioned for 72 h to(More)
To determine whether exercise increases endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) in patients with peripheral vascular disease, we developed a multi-parameter flow cytometry assay to rigorously assess EPCs and mature endothelial cells (ECs) in control subjects and patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) subjected to graded exercise. Blood was collected from(More)