Learn More
OBJECTIVES This study developed prevalence estimates of gambling-related disorders in the United States and Canada, identified differences in prevalence among population segments, and identified changes in prevalence over the past 20 years. METHODS A meta-analytic strategy was employed to synthesize estimates from 119 prevalence studies. This method(More)
The purpose of this preliminary study was to examine associations between leaving home to engage in bingo or gambling activity and indices of physical and mental health and social support among a representative community cohort of 1016 elderly people. Cross-sectional and longitudinal data gathered from a prospective epidemiological study in a rural, low(More)
Problems related to intemperate Internet use are examined within the conceptual framework of addiction. It is argued that empirical support for the construct validity of computer addiction has yet to emerge, that defining the construct as a unique psychiatric disorder is therefore premature, and that, in most cases, excessive computer use may be symptomatic(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the association between alcohol use and cognitive decline in a longitudinal study of a representative elderly community sample free of dementia at baseline. METHODS Cognitive functions and self-reported drinking habits were assessed at 2-year intervals over an average of 7 years of follow-up. Cognitive measures, grouped into(More)
UNLABELLED The Panic Disorder Severity Scale (PDSS) is a recently developed seven-item instrument to rate overall severity of Panic Disorder. The scale has previously shown good psychometric properties in a sample of Panic Disorder patients with no more than mild agoraphobia. The purpose of this paper is to confirm reliability and validity, to provide an(More)
BACKGROUND Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) has been defined in several ways. OBJECTIVE To determine the 1-year outcomes of MCI by different definitions at the population level. DESIGN Inception cohort with 1-year follow-up. Participants were classified as having MCI using the following definitions operationalized for this study: amnestic MCI by Mayo(More)
OBJECTIVE The effects of a treatment program targeting debilitating grief symptoms were tested in a pilot study. METHOD Twenty-one individuals experiencing traumatic grief were recruited for participation, and 13 completed the full 4-month protocol. The treatment protocol used imaginal re-living of the death, in vivo exposure to avoided activities and(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to examine associations between discrepancies in health information provided to primary care providers and severity of impairment in older patients with and without dementia. METHODS This study included brief assessment and medical record review of 1,107 patients with a mean (standard deviation) age of 76.3 (6.6)(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the impact of subjective depressive symptoms on objective performance on tests of several cognitive domains, in a community-based sample of older adults. METHODS An age-stratified sample of 2036 individuals aged 65+ years was drawn from the electoral rolls of a U.S. community, excluding individuals with moderate to severe cognitive(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence suggests an association between congestive heart failure (CHF) and cognitive function, particularly in heart transplant patients and patients hospitalized for CHF. We examined the association between CHF and cognitive performance in stable outpatients recruited from primary care. METHODS This is a cross-sectional secondary data(More)