Joni Vander Bilt

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OBJECTIVES This study developed prevalence estimates of gambling-related disorders in the United States and Canada, identified differences in prevalence among population segments, and identified changes in prevalence over the past 20 years. METHODS A meta-analytic strategy was employed to synthesize estimates from 119 prevalence studies. This method(More)
UNLABELLED The Panic Disorder Severity Scale (PDSS) is a recently developed seven-item instrument to rate overall severity of Panic Disorder. The scale has previously shown good psychometric properties in a sample of Panic Disorder patients with no more than mild agoraphobia. The purpose of this paper is to confirm reliability and validity, to provide an(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a brief alcohol and other drug (AOD) screening test for adolescents. METHODS A 9-item test was constructed by combining and modifying items from several AOD assessments, and administered concurrently with the Personal Involvement With Chemicals Scale (PICS), the criterion standard. SETTING A hospital-based adolescent clinic. (More)
BACKGROUND Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) has been defined in several ways. OBJECTIVE To determine the 1-year outcomes of MCI by different definitions at the population level. DESIGN Inception cohort with 1-year follow-up. Participants were classified as having MCI using the following definitions operationalized for this study: amnestic MCI by Mayo(More)
BACKGROUND This study examined the prevalence of level 3 (pathological) gambling and a variety of other health risks among casino employees. METHODS A sample of 3841 full-time casino employees representing four geographic sites was surveyed about gambling, drinking, smoking, and other health risk behaviors. In addition, respondents were asked about their(More)
Growing evidence suggests that physical exercise may be protective against cognitive impairment and decline. A prospective study of a representative rural community sample (N = 1,146) aged 65+ years examined self-reported exercise habits and measured global cognitive function using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). A composite variable "exercise(More)
Problems related to intemperate Internet use are examined within the conceptual framework of addiction. It is argued that empirical support for the construct validity of computer addiction has yet to emerge, that defining the construct as a unique psychiatric disorder is therefore premature, and that, in most cases, excessive computer use may be symptomatic(More)
OBJECTIVE The effects of a treatment program targeting debilitating grief symptoms were tested in a pilot study. METHOD Twenty-one individuals experiencing traumatic grief were recruited for participation, and 13 completed the full 4-month protocol. The treatment protocol used imaginal re-living of the death, in vivo exposure to avoided activities and(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether there is an association between engagement in reading and hobbies and dementia risk in late life. METHODS A total of 942 members of a population-based, prospective cohort study were followed biennially to identify incident dementia cases. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate the risk of dementia in relation to(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the association between alcohol use and cognitive decline in a longitudinal study of a representative elderly community sample free of dementia at baseline. METHODS Cognitive functions and self-reported drinking habits were assessed at 2-year intervals over an average of 7 years of follow-up. Cognitive measures, grouped into(More)