Joni M Barnes

Learn More
Most reported actions of kainate are mediated by AMPA (alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate) receptors. Here we report that, unlike AMPA which stimulates, kainate elicits a dose-dependent decrease in L-glutamate release from rat hippocampal synaptosomes and also depresses glutamatergic synaptic transmission. Brief exposure to kainate(More)
The pharmacological characterisation and topographical distribution of [3H]-(S)-zacopride recognition sites in the forebrain of the rat was studied using homogenate and autoradiographic radioligand binding techniques. [3H]-(S)-Zacopride labelled a single, saturable, specific binding site (defined by 10.0 microM granisetron) in homogenates prepared from the(More)
The appearance of two cases of cirrhosis of the liver among three men working in the research laboratory of a large industrial undertaking led to suspicion becoming attached to dimethylnitrosamine (D.M.N.) as the causative agent. Dimethylnitrosamine had been introduced into the laboratory as a solvent about 10 months before the first case of cirrhosis was(More)
The selective 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, onansetron, has been assessed in three tests of cognition in the mouse, rat and marmoset. In a habituation test in the mouse, ondansetron facilitated performance in young adult and aged animals, and inhibited an impairment in habituation induced by scopolamine, electrolesions or ibotenic acid lesions of the nucleus(More)
PURPOSE The first United Kingdom Children's Cancer Study Group (UKCCSG) Wilms' Tumor Trial (UKW1) applied treatment regimens stratified by stage and histology in accordance with National Wilms' Tumor Study (NWTS) criteria, seeking to reduce treatment of low-stage, favorable-histology (FH) tumors without impairing survival and to improve prognosis of stage(More)
The release of cerebral acetylcholine from terminals in the cerebral cortex has been shown to be regulated by 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) but it is not known which subtype of the 5-HT receptor is involved. 5-HT receptor agonists increase acetylcholine levels in vivo, indicating a reduced turnover, and reduce release of acetylcholine from striatal slices in(More)
Cultures of an isolate of Penicillium verrucosum var. cyclopium, obtained from stored maize in an area of Balkan (endemic) nephropathy--Vratza, Bulgaria--has consistently induced renal tubular lesions when force-fed to rats for 20 days. The lesions, confined to the lower reaches of the proximal convoluted tublues (pars recta and junctional zone), closely(More)
In the present studies we have shown that angiotensin II (AT II), in a concentration-dependent manner in rat tissue (10(-9)-10(-5) M) or at a single concentration in human tissue (10(-6) M), can inhibit potassium-stimulated release of [3H]acetylcholine ( [3H]Ach) from slices of rat entorhinal cortex and human temporal cortex preloaded with [3H]choline for(More)