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With the advent of high-performance multi-processing demands for real-time multimedia and broadband networking in battery-based mobile systems, high-speed and low power mobile SDRAM/DDRs are becoming increasingly important. We present an on-the-fly power-cut scheme that can be applied to mobile DRAM without any special modes and a global data-line repeater(More)
GEUS has been developed by extending a commercial objectrelational database engine itself. Spatial query processing was tightly integrated with the aspatial query engine to support spatial primitive types, operators, and path expressions that returning the characteristic values of spatial objects. For the fast retrieval of spatial objects, GEUS has been(More)
High-frequency chest compression (HFCC) is shown to enhance clearance of pulmonary airway secretions. Several HFCC devices have been designed to provide this therapy. Standard equipment consists of an air pulse generator attached by lengths of tubing to an adjustable, inflatable vest/jacket (V/J) garment. In this study, the V/Js were fitted over a(More)
Mutations in cereblon (CRBN), a substrate binding component of the E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, cause a form of mental retardation in humans. However, the cellular proteins that interact with CRBN remain largely unknown. Here, we report that CRBN directly interacts with the α1 subunit of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK α1) and inhibits the activation of(More)
There are two main limitations in the conventional robot-assisted spinal fusion surgery. Since the end effector in the state of art has a role of guiding the insertion pose of a screw only, i) convenience that can be obtained when the robot intervenes in the surgery more actively could be limited, ii) The insertion pose of a screw provided by the robots(More)
CDMA/HDR system is designed to provide High Data Rate services in the cellular networks compatible with IS-95B CDMA network. It uses a PF(Proportional Fairness) scheduler that improves total throughput by using multi-user diversity in a forward link while supporting user’s average throughput proportional to channel conditions. Therefore, PFS does not(More)
In this paper, an advanced preoperative planning framework for spinal fusion is presented. The framework is based on spinal pedicle data obtained from computed tomography (CT) images, and provides optimal insertion trajectories and pedicle screw sizes. The proposed approach begins with a safety margin estimation for each potential insertion trajectory that(More)
Among the diverse cytokines involved in osteoclast differentiation, interleukin (IL)-3 inhibits RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis. However, the mechanism underlying IL-3-mediated inhibition of osteoclast differentiation is not fully understood. Here we demonstrate that the activation of signal transducers and activators of transcription 5 (STAT5) by IL-3(More)