Learn More
Parkinson disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder, which involves the deterioration of dopaminergic neurons in the pars compacta of the substantia nigra. The etiology of PD is still unknown, but recent identification of mutations in familial cases of PD has advanced the understanding of the molecular mechanisms of this neurological disease.(More)
Although alpha-synuclein is the main structural component of the insoluble filaments that form Lewy bodies in Parkinson disease (PD), its physiological function and exact role in neuronal death remain poorly understood. In the present study, we examined the possible functional relationship between alpha-synuclein and several forms of matrix(More)
Lewy bodies (LBs) are pathological hallmarks of Parkinson disease (PD) but also occur in Alzheimer disease (AD) and dementia of LBs. Alpha-synuclein, the major component of LBs, is observed in the brain of Down syndrome (DS) patients with AD. Dyrk1A, a dual specificity tyrosine-regulated kinase (Dyrk) family member, is the mammalian ortholog of the(More)
Alpha-synuclein is a well-known heat-resistant protein that does not aggregate upon heat treatment, whereas glutathione S-transferase (GST) is a heat-labile protein that easily precipitates as a result of thermal stress. This paper reports the role of the C-terminal acidic tail of alpha-synuclein in protein thermosolubility and stability. The region of(More)
The acidic tail of alpha-synuclein (ATSalpha) has been shown to protect the glutathione S-transferase (GST)-ATSalpha fusion protein from environmental stresses, such as heat, pH and metal ions. In this study, we further demonstrated that the introduction of ATSalpha into other proteins, such as dehydrofolate reductase and adiponectin, renders the fusion(More)
Human interferon alpha-1 (hIFNA1) is one of several interferon alpha subtypes that have been studied and commercialized to treat various viral diseases including hepatitis B and C as well as malignant melanoma. Protein aggregation has been problematic for every step in commercial production, from purification to the packaging and delivery of pharmaceutical(More)
alpha-Synuclein has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson disease (PD) and related neurodegenerative disorders. More recently, it has been suggested to be an important regulatory component of vesicle transport in neuronal cells. alpha-Synuclein is also highly expressed in platelets and is loosely associated with the membrane of the secretory(More)
alpha-Synuclein, an acidic neuronal protein of 140 amino acids, is extremely heat-resistant and is natively unfolded. Recent studies have demonstrated that alpha-synuclein has chaperone activity both in vitro and in vivo, and that this activity is lost upon removing its C-terminal acidic tail. However, the detailed mechanism of the chaperone action of(More)
The protein BigH3 is a cell-adhesion molecule induced by transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta). It consists of four homologous repeat domains known as FAS1 domains; mutations in these domains have been linked to corneal dystrophy. The fourth FAS1 domain was expressed in Escherichia coli B834 (DE3) (a methionine auxotroph) and purified by DEAE(More)
ALpha-synuclein (alpha-syn) has been known to be a key player of the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease and has recently been detected in extracellular biological fluids and shown to be rapidly secreted from cells. The penetration of alpha-syn into cells has also been observed. In this study, we observed that(More)