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In this paper, we introduce a new open source high-level synthesis tool called <i>LegUp</i> that allows software techniques to be used for hardware design. LegUp accepts a standard C program as input and automatically compiles the program to a hybrid architecture containing an FPGA-based MIPS soft processor and custom hardware accelerators that communicate(More)
It is generally accepted that a custom hardware implementation of a set of computations will provide superior speed and energy efficiency relative to a software implementation. However, the cost and difficulty of hardware design is often prohibitive, and consequently, a software approach is used for most applications. In this article, we introduce a new(More)
—We describe new multi-ported cache designs suitable for use in FPGA-based processor/parallel-accelerator systems , and evaluate their impact on application performance and area. The baseline system comprises a MIPS soft processor and custom hardware accelerators with a shared memory architecture: on-FPGA L1 cache backed by off-chip DDR2 SDRAM. Within this(More)
—We describe the support within high-level hardware synthesis (HLS) for two standard software parallelization paradigms: Pthreads and OpenMP. Parallel code segments, as specified in the software, are automatically synthesized by our HLS tool into parallel-operating hardware sub-circuits. Both data parallelism and task-level parallelism are supported, as is(More)
Resource sharing is a key area-reduction approach in high-level synthesis (HLS) in which a single hardware functional unit is used to implement multiple operations in the high-level circuit specification. We show that the utility of sharing depends on the underlying FPGA logic element architecture and that different sharing trade-offs exist when 4-LUTs vs.(More)
—We consider the impact of compiler optimizations on the quality of high-level synthesis (HLS)-generated FPGA hardware. Using a HLS tool implemented within the state-of-the-art LLVM [1] compiler, we study the effect of compiler optimizations on the hardware metrics of circuit area, execution cycles, Fmax, and wall-clock time. We evaluate 56 different(More)
Embedded system designers can achieve energy and performance benefits by using dedicated hardware accelerators. However, implementing custom hardware accelerators for an application can be difficult and time intensive. LegUp is an open-source high-level synthesis framework that simplifies the hardware accelerator design process [8]. With LegUp, a designer(More)
High-level synthesis (HLS) has been gaining traction recently as a design methodology for FPGAs, with the promise of raising the productivity of FPGA hardware designers, and ultimately, opening the door to the use of FPGAs as computing devices targetable by software engineers. In this tutorial, we introduce LegUp, an open-source HLS tool for FPGAs developed(More)
—LegUp [1] is an open-source high-level synthesis (HLS) tool that accepts a C program as input and automatically synthesizes it into a hybrid system. The hybrid system comprises an embedded processor and custom accelerators that realize user-designated compute-intensive parts of the program with improved throughput and energy efficiency. In this paper, we(More)
—We apply high-level synthesis (HLS) to generate Blokus Duo game-playing hardware for the FPT 2013 Design Competition [3]. Our design, written in C, is synthesized using the LegUp open-source HLS tool to Verilog, then subsequently mapped using vendor tools to an Altera Cyclone IV FPGA on DE2 board. Our software implementation is designed to be amenable to(More)